1. So You Have Some Questions About CBD – The New Yorker
  2. CBD Oil: What is it? And is it really effective? – Fox 32 Chicago
  3. Does CBD Work for Pain Relief? [What You Need to Know] – Salon
  4. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) Market Top Industries 2019 | CBD – Industry Research Reports
  5. CBD Oil: A Primer – Project CBD
  6. Cannabis stocks mostly higher after FDA head promises April talks on CBD regulation – MarketWatch
  7. Alabama Department of Health warns against untested CBD products – Trussvilletribune
  8. Alabama health officials warn of CBD oil dangers – AL.com
  9. These 2 Families Turned to Cannabis to Treat Their Kids’ Autism – Healthline
  10. CBD vs. CBN: Differences, Benefits, And Uses For Two Potent Cannabinoids – Ministry of Hemp
  11. Bees Show a Surprising Affinity for the Pollen of Male Hemp Plants – Weedmaps News
  12. CBD Oil is Expected to Register a CAGR of 30.0% during the Forecast Period to 2024 – GloballUp
  13. Farmers Hope for Hemp Riches Despite Risks – The Pew Charitable Trusts
  14. From Salves To Sprays: CBD Comes In Many Popular Forms, But Claims ‘Are A Snake Oil In A Sense,’ Scientists Say – Kaiser Health News
  15. Melissa McCarthy covered her feet in CBD oil before the Oscars for an unusual reason – INSIDER
  16. Melissa McCarthy Used CBD Oil On Her Toes At The Oscars To Prevent Pain From High Heels – Women’s Health
  17. Melissa McCarthy Used CBD Oil For High Heel Pain At 2019 Oscars – Women’s Health
  18. Global CBD Hemp Oil 2019 Market Share, Trends, Segmentation & Forecast To 2024 – Press Release – Digital Journal
  19. Best supplements for dry skin: The plant supplement which could help dry or itchy skin – Express
  20. How Often are Fibromyalgia Patients Misdiagnosed? – CBD Testers
  21. Can Hemp Boost Ohio’s Farm Economy? – Forbes
  22. Natural Ways For Pain Relief: Arthritis – The Frisky
  23. Cannabis could help pets with seizures or pain, research suggests. Here’s what to know before trying it. – INSIDER
  24. CBD Oil as a Medicine – The Healing Properties of Cannabidiol – Times Square Chronicles
  25. Does CBD for Anxiety Work? – Glamour
  26. Celeb Manicurist Mazz Hanna Talks The Power Of Crystals, Her Makeup Muse, And CBD Beauty – Forbes
  27. Here’s What Happened When I Used CBD Before & After Working Out For A Month – Bustle
  28. CBD Oil: Fad Or Fantastic? What You Need To Know. – Louisville Eccentric Observer
  29. How safe is CBD oil? | BlackPressUSA – Black Press USA
  30. South Austin CBD Oil Store Debuts Affordable Products At 2019 SXSW Wellness Expo – BioSpace
  31. Israeli Clinical Research Finds Cannabis Oil Alleviates Autism Disorders – Weedmaps News
  32. Advocate of medical marijuana hosting educational meeting Wednesday – East Idaho News
  33. CBD Versus Nicotine – Project CBD
  34. National CBD-infused treats: Are there health benefits for your pets? – ABC Action News
  35. National CBD-infused treats: Are there health benefits for your pets? – NewsChannel5.com
  36. Top CBD Oil Benefits – newsopi
  37. Legal cannabis oil sold in British health shops can get users high, study shows – Daily Mail
  38. The Right Remedy For You – The Collegian
  39. What Happens When You Mix CBD With Caffeine? Here’s What The Research Shows – Bustle
  40. I Used CBD Oil Every Day For 2 Months, and Here’s What I Learned – LIVEKINDLY
  41. What are the best hemp oil benefits? – Medical News Today
  42. Every Question You Have About CBD—Answered – Health.com
  43. Corey Johnson opposes Health Department’s CBD ban – New York Post
  44. Earth Science Tech, Inc. Signs Distributor for Hygee™ and Provides Update on CBD Product Launch – Nasdaq
  45. Check Out Candy Head CBD Edibles During American Heart Month – BioSpace
  46. Check Out Candy Head CBD Edibles During American Heart Month – PRNewswire
  47. New Israeli Study Shows Medical Cannabis Eases Autism Symptoms In Children | Health News – NoCamels – Israeli Innovation News
  48. What Is CBD Oil, and What Does It Do? (VIDEO) – Newsy
  49. MS News that Caught My Eye: Marijuana, MS Solutions Contest, Diagnosis Delays, Medicare Costs – Multiple Sclerosis News Today
  50. What you need to know about CBD oil and your pets – NBC News
  51. CBD: Rising star or popular fad? – Salon
  52. CBD Hemp Oil Market Research | Product Types, Market Share, Market Segmentation, Forecast 2025 – TOP Tribune
  53. Cannabinoids Could Help Manage EB-related Pain, Study Suggests – Epidermolysis Bullosa News
  54. Blockchain And CBD: What’s All The Fuss About? – Forbes
  55. 3 Awesome Therapeutic Applications of CBD Oil Proven by Scientific Evidence – The Frisky
  56. KannaSwiss: Europe’s leader in CBD research and production – Health Europa
  57. Northsight Capital to Start Distribution of 3 Exclusive CBD Oil Brands – GlobeNewswire
  58. CBD Oil Market is expected to register a CAGR of 30.0% during the forecast period to 2023 – Press Release – Digital Journal
  59. CBD Oil for Depression, Schizophrenia, ADHD, PTSD, Anxiety, Bipolar & More – PsychCentral.com
  60. Young parents are dropping CBD to be more ‘present’ and ‘patient’ with their kids – MarketWatch
  61. Cannabis Is A Safe, Effective Treatment For Autism In Children – Study Finds
  62. Are CBD products legal? – KLKN
  63. Opening of Your CBD Store in midtown Wilmington is second new cannabidiol retailer this year – Port City Daily
  64. Questions surround legality of CBD oil in Nebraska – 1011now
  65. CBD Oil Market 2024 Growth Forecast Analysis by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application – Fashion Herald
  66. Cannabis may help relieve Autism symptoms, Israeli study shows – The Times of Israel
  67. Super Bowl Champions Talk About The NFL’s Stance On Cannabis – Forbes
  68. 5 Former NFL Players Who Have Gotten Into The Cannabis Game – Forbes
  69. Global CBD Oil Market 2018 : Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Forecast to 2023 – Honest Version
  70. CBD: Rising star or popular fad? – The Conversation – US
  71. Cannabidiol: Rising star or popular fad? – The Conversation – US
  72. 01 – Cannabidiol: Rising star or popular fad? – University of Florida
  73. CBD Coffee Fans Will Want This CBD Espresso Recipe – Healthline
  74. CBD Oil Market : Industry Scope, Overview, Opportunities and Growth Trends 2018-2023 – Global News Tribune
  75. Pet owners treating sick dogs with CBD oil – The Jerusalem Post
  76. Lawmakers look at bills to decriminalize marijuana – WDTV
  77. CBD oil: Could cannabis oil save Steph and Dom Parker’s son with severe epilepsy? – Express
  78. CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks to menus – CNBC
  79. CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks – CNBC
  80. What to Know Before Giving Your Pet CBD – Weedmaps News
  81. Store brings CBD trend to Rock Hill with pain, anxiety treatments. How safe are they? – The State
  82. What the legal cannabis industry owes the victims of the drug war – Quartz
  83. Israeli Study on Cannabis Use, Safety With Autism Shows Promise – The Mighty
  84. CBD Oil Can Help you Sleep – Cannabis Herald
  85. CBD oil: What is cannabis oil, what are the benefits and can it help people with anxiety? – Express
  86. CBD Oil: The Facts, Risks and Alternatives – Men’s health UK
  87. CBD products for pets are flying off the shelves of Anchorage shops – KTUU.com
  88. What CBD, hemp products can mean for your health – WSAW
  89. Period Pain CBD Oil Is Now Available In The UK Via The Tampon Subscription Service OHNE – Bustle
  90. The Cannabis Conundrum – Richmond magazine
  91. CBD Oil For fibromyalgia: What you need to know? – The Frisky
  92. CBD oil: What is it and what are the benefits? There’s ONE thing you need to beware – Express
  93. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) Industry Research Report and Competitive Analysis Growth Trends 2018-2025 – openPR
  94. Josie Maran Launches Vegan CBD Elixir and Hemp Facial Oils at Sephora – LIVEKINDLY
  95. Top 6 Benefits of CBD Oil – The Frisky
  96. A daily dose (or 2): Curious minds turn to CBD to treat range of ailments – CBC News
  97. The beauty industry now wants to cure your anxiety with CBD and aromatherapy – Quartz
  98. CBD oil is being put in coffee and cookies — and won’t get you high – Vox.com
  99. Nebraska attorney general wants to inform public on marijuana risk as state senators push legalization – kwbe
  100. CBD Oil for Parkinson’s Disease – Civilized
  101. CBD oil: how to treat bad skin and improve your skincare routine with cannabidiol – Netdoctor
  102. Does CBD Oil Have Side Effects? Studies Say Yes, It Does – Cannabis Herald
  103. Booming CBD market has scientists, regulators scrambling – UPI News
  104. B.C. Cancer to lead first national cannabis clinical trial for symptom relief – Vancouver Sun
  105. Washington State Lawmakers Push Marijuana Treatment in K-12 Schools Despite Federal Funding Threat – Newsweek
  106. The Sad News About CBD Cupcakes – The Atlantic
  107. Prosecutor drops charges against mother and son who opened CBD store in Scottsbluff – Sand Hills Express
  108. I tried a dozen stress-relief snacks, tinctures and teas. So why am I still anxious? – The Washington Post
  109. CBD oil for sleep: can it be used to treat insomnia and other sleep problems? – Netdoctor
  110. Global CBD Hemp Oil Market 2019 Research Report | ENDOCA, CBD American Shaman, Gaia Botanicals, Isodiol, Medical Marijuana, – Daily Seekers
  111. Is it Safe for People with Diabetes to Smoke Marijuana? – A Sweet Life
  112. 5 Potential Benefits of CBD Oil – The Good Men Project
  113. Clearing up cannabis confusion – WatertownDailyTimes.com
  114. The Race to Relearn Hemp Farming – Scientific American
  115. Legal CBD Oil Blocked for 92 Year Old Miami Woman By Florida Bureaucracy – Miami New Times
  116. Microdosing Marijuana at 9 Years Sober – TheFix.com
  117. NC Biotech Center receives state grants for hemp, carrot studies – WRAL Tech Wire
  118. CBD Hemp Oil Market 2019-2024: Dealers, Suppliers, Brand Strategy Demand, Pricing Strategy and Analysis – PN Media
  119. Mushrooming CBD industry has hemp explosion behind it – The Spokesman-Review
  120. What Are The Ingredients Inside CBD Oil and How Can They Benefit Your Health? – AXcess News
  121. Everything You Need to Know About CBD Oil – BeautyMatter
  122. Myrtle Beach to block new smoke and vape shops from opening this year in city limits – Myrtle Beach Online
  123. Health benefits of CBD earn high praise from a veteran, businessman, and doctor. But what does the research show? – WAFB
  124. Health benefits of CBD earn high praise from a veteran, businessman, and doctor. But what does the research show? – WECT
  125. This Man Wants To Smash Diabetes With Cannabis Therapy – Green Market Report
  126. CBD Oil for Mental Health—Should You Take It Too? – Psychology Today
  127. Cannabidiol Oil Looks to Expand its Size in Overseas Market | CV Sciences, IRIE CBD, Elixinol – Press Release – Digital Journal
  128. CBD Has Proven Medicinal Value, But Can It Treat Anxiety? – Wikileaf
  129. Everything you need to know about legal cannabis as over-the-counter sales soar – Mirror Online
  130. Here’s What Happens If You Take Too Much CBD – Bustle
  131. Project CBD Sunday: Video With Robert Clarke – Cannabis Botany And Evolution | Cannabis and Hemp Events and News – Heady Vermont
  132. Terpenes: Everything You Need to Know About These Scented Wonders – Ministry of Hemp
  133. CBD is all the rage. Here’s what you should know about it – Washington Post
  134. — Prohibition Partners | business advisors to Europe’s legal cannabis industry – Prohibition Partners
  135. Predictions! We’ve got your 2019 food trends AND trends we want to see die – 88Nine Radio Milwaukee
  136. Your Good Health: CBD oil risky for anyone on heart medication – Times Colonist
  137. How to Buy the Best Safe and Effective CBD Products – Shape Magazine
  138. The 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp and what it means for Ohio – Ohio Ag Net – Ohio’s Country Journal and Ohio Ag Net
  139. Lawmakers re-file legislation ahead of 2019 session – WBTW – Myrtle Beach and Florence SC
  140. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – WSIU
  141. What The Studies Say About CBD Oil & Pregnancy Might Actually Surprise You – Romper
  142. Hemp firm partners with UA researchers to develop cannabis – Arkansas Online
  143. First standalone CBD oil store opens on Main Street, Wilkesboro – Wilkes Journal Patriot
  144. Hemp firm partners with UA researchers to develop cannabis – Arkansas Democrat-Gazette
  145. Holcomb remains against legalizing marijuana – The Herald
  146. Ask The Pharmacist: Alternative treatments for seizure management – Marco News
  147. Worldwide CBD Oil Market 2022 Development and Growth Forecast by Regions, Consumption, Recent Trends, and Applications – The NY Recorder
  148. A New Treatment: CBD Oil For Autism? – Puff Puff Post
  149. The Most Important Cannabis Studies of 2018 – Leafly
  150. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) 2018 Market Statics – ENDOCA, CBD American Shaman, Gaia Botanicals, Isodiol, Medical Marijuana – Next Newz
  151. Is CBD Helpful, or Just Hype? – The New York Times
  152. Precautions Needed for Medical Cannabis – Pain News Network
  153. More States Allow Medical Marijuana For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders : Shots – Health News – NPR
  154. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – HPPR
  155. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – KCUR
  156. CBD Hemp Oil Market Forecast – Industry Value, Market Size, Top Companies and General Trends for 2018-2025 – Prism Daily
  157. CBD Oil Can Benefit Man’s Best Friend, Too – L.A. Weekly
  158. How CBD May Complicate Glaucoma Treatment – TheFix.com
  159. Tests of CBD Oils Reveal Three Surprise Chemicals, One Big Problem – Leafly
  160. CBD drinks: Tilray, Anheuser-Busch InBev partner to research cannabis-infused drinks for the Canadian market – CBS News
  161. Smoke This: Inhale Marijuana Science | Medpage Today – MedPage Today
  162. Lacking guidance from doctors, parents lead the charge in treating children with CBD – Peninsula Press
  163. Trump signs Farm Bill to legalize hemp, could cause boom for marijuana-linked CBD – Business Insider
  164. 3 reasons to try CBD oil ice cream (yes, it’s a thing!) – WLOS
  165. Peabody High Class of ’14 supports Student Health Center
  166. CBD oil and anxiety treatment – Netdoctor
  167. Just add dairy: Study says it makes the Mediterranean diet even healthier
  168. FSA and PHE issue advice to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holidays
  169. Sellers praise benefits of CBD; doctor questions effectiveness, safety – Hays Post
  170. No $50 ham in food security planning
  171. Understanding the confusing world of CBD and THC ratios – Mashable
  172. Hemp is now legal, thanks to Congress. That’s big news for CBD. – Vox.com
  173. Cornell University Research Could Help Hemp Entrepreneurs (And Make Dogs Feel Better) – Forbes
  174. Bakery fined more than £150k for health and safety offences
  175. 12 on Health: Problem solving
  176. How To Research CBD Oil: Discovering CBD After An Injury – Ministry of Hemp
  177. Yes to yoghurt and cheese: New improved Mediterranean diet
  178. Zac Brown Launches Collective to Cover Projects in Music, Film, Food, Fashion & More
  179. Health care financial burden of animal-related injuries is growing, study says
  180. Health Dept. passes standard requiring labeling of medical marijuana edibles
  181. Health, Fitness and Food: Retail’s Thriving Sectors
  182. BMI, overall health are connected after all, study says
  183. Health Officials Surprised by Number of Local Zika Cases
  184. 12 Health Food Trends to Be on the Lookout for in 2019
  185. Mediterranean Diet Plus Regular Exercise Maintains Weight Loss
  186. Don’t let foodborne illness crash your holiday party
  187. Yes, the Mediterranean diet is good for you. A new study confirms it.
  188. Mediterranean Diet Linked to Drop in CVD Risk
  189. Why Is The Mediterranean Diet So Healthy? Study Lets Us Count The Ways
  190. Sure, kimchi can help you beat bloat—but did you know about these 5 other health benefits?
  191. What We Know About Diet and Weight Loss
  192. 8 Things That Can Cause Belly Bloat This Thanksgiving, and How to Prevent Them
  193. Prevent, heal leaky gut syndrome with natural, organic foods
  194. Health department cracking down on stores selling tobacco to teens
  195. Health Benefits of eating Broccoli !!
  196. What’s Ahead for Snack Food Trends in 2019?
  197. Whoa: A Kentucky racehorse tested positive for CBD and regulators aren’t happy – Lexington Herald-Leader
  198. CBD Vape Oil For Pain, Anxiety, & More: Why Do People Vape CBD? – Ministry of Hemp
  199. How many have to be hospitalized for salmonella, E. coli before we try food irradiation?
  200. Benefits of CBD for Epilepsy Fades in One-Third of Patients – MedPage Today
  201. Instagram food blogger reveals the TEN rules to follow to make your social media snaps look as appetising as possible – including how to tackle pesky shadows
  202. CBD Companies Prepare For Hemp Legalization In Farm Bill – Forbes
  203. FDA making moves to approve the first ever pharmaceutical-grade CBD oil for prescription use – Press Release – Digital Journal
  204. Tolerance to Cannabidiol for Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy Seen Over Time – Neurology Advisor
  205. CBD in the ADK | News, Sports, Jobs – The Adirondack Daily Enterprise
  206. Cannabidiol induces a rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effect in rodent model of depression – PsyPost
  207. Project CBD Launches Research Platform to Study CBD Efficacy – Project CBD
  208. Pot for pets: Can cannabis oil ease suffering for furry friends? – Tribune-Review
  209. How Select CBD Pairs Cannabinoids and Aromatherapy in Vape Pens – Leafly
  210. Why people love CBD — the cannabis product that won’t get you high – CNBC
  211. CBD Oil: All the Rage, But Is It Safe & Effective? – WebMD
  212. Claws and Effect: Cannabis Medicine for Pets – Project CBD
  213. Cannabinoids and Oxidation [BOOK EXCERPT] – Project CBD
Nov 21, 2019
  1. So You Have Some Questions About CBD – The New Yorker
  2. CBD Oil: What is it? And is it really effective? – Fox 32 Chicago
  3. Does CBD Work for Pain Relief? [What You Need to Know] – Salon
  4. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) Market Top Industries 2019 | CBD – Industry Research Reports
  5. CBD Oil: A Primer – Project CBD
  6. Cannabis stocks mostly higher after FDA head promises April talks on CBD regulation – MarketWatch
  7. Alabama Department of Health warns against untested CBD products – Trussvilletribune
  8. Alabama health officials warn of CBD oil dangers – AL.com
  9. These 2 Families Turned to Cannabis to Treat Their Kids’ Autism – Healthline
  10. CBD vs. CBN: Differences, Benefits, And Uses For Two Potent Cannabinoids – Ministry of Hemp
  11. Bees Show a Surprising Affinity for the Pollen of Male Hemp Plants – Weedmaps News
  12. CBD Oil is Expected to Register a CAGR of 30.0% during the Forecast Period to 2024 – GloballUp
  13. Farmers Hope for Hemp Riches Despite Risks – The Pew Charitable Trusts
  14. From Salves To Sprays: CBD Comes In Many Popular Forms, But Claims ‘Are A Snake Oil In A Sense,’ Scientists Say – Kaiser Health News
  15. Melissa McCarthy covered her feet in CBD oil before the Oscars for an unusual reason – INSIDER
  16. Melissa McCarthy Used CBD Oil On Her Toes At The Oscars To Prevent Pain From High Heels – Women’s Health
  17. Melissa McCarthy Used CBD Oil For High Heel Pain At 2019 Oscars – Women’s Health
  18. Global CBD Hemp Oil 2019 Market Share, Trends, Segmentation & Forecast To 2024 – Press Release – Digital Journal
  19. Best supplements for dry skin: The plant supplement which could help dry or itchy skin – Express
  20. How Often are Fibromyalgia Patients Misdiagnosed? – CBD Testers
  21. Can Hemp Boost Ohio’s Farm Economy? – Forbes
  22. Natural Ways For Pain Relief: Arthritis – The Frisky
  23. Cannabis could help pets with seizures or pain, research suggests. Here’s what to know before trying it. – INSIDER
  24. CBD Oil as a Medicine – The Healing Properties of Cannabidiol – Times Square Chronicles
  25. Does CBD for Anxiety Work? – Glamour
  26. Celeb Manicurist Mazz Hanna Talks The Power Of Crystals, Her Makeup Muse, And CBD Beauty – Forbes
  27. Here’s What Happened When I Used CBD Before & After Working Out For A Month – Bustle
  28. CBD Oil: Fad Or Fantastic? What You Need To Know. – Louisville Eccentric Observer
  29. How safe is CBD oil? | BlackPressUSA – Black Press USA
  30. South Austin CBD Oil Store Debuts Affordable Products At 2019 SXSW Wellness Expo – BioSpace
  31. Israeli Clinical Research Finds Cannabis Oil Alleviates Autism Disorders – Weedmaps News
  32. Advocate of medical marijuana hosting educational meeting Wednesday – East Idaho News
  33. CBD Versus Nicotine – Project CBD
  34. National CBD-infused treats: Are there health benefits for your pets? – ABC Action News
  35. National CBD-infused treats: Are there health benefits for your pets? – NewsChannel5.com
  36. Top CBD Oil Benefits – newsopi
  37. Legal cannabis oil sold in British health shops can get users high, study shows – Daily Mail
  38. The Right Remedy For You – The Collegian
  39. What Happens When You Mix CBD With Caffeine? Here’s What The Research Shows – Bustle
  40. I Used CBD Oil Every Day For 2 Months, and Here’s What I Learned – LIVEKINDLY
  41. What are the best hemp oil benefits? – Medical News Today
  42. Every Question You Have About CBD—Answered – Health.com
  43. Corey Johnson opposes Health Department’s CBD ban – New York Post
  44. Earth Science Tech, Inc. Signs Distributor for Hygee™ and Provides Update on CBD Product Launch – Nasdaq
  45. Check Out Candy Head CBD Edibles During American Heart Month – BioSpace
  46. Check Out Candy Head CBD Edibles During American Heart Month – PRNewswire
  47. New Israeli Study Shows Medical Cannabis Eases Autism Symptoms In Children | Health News – NoCamels – Israeli Innovation News
  48. What Is CBD Oil, and What Does It Do? (VIDEO) – Newsy
  49. MS News that Caught My Eye: Marijuana, MS Solutions Contest, Diagnosis Delays, Medicare Costs – Multiple Sclerosis News Today
  50. What you need to know about CBD oil and your pets – NBC News
  51. CBD: Rising star or popular fad? – Salon
  52. CBD Hemp Oil Market Research | Product Types, Market Share, Market Segmentation, Forecast 2025 – TOP Tribune
  53. Cannabinoids Could Help Manage EB-related Pain, Study Suggests – Epidermolysis Bullosa News
  54. Blockchain And CBD: What’s All The Fuss About? – Forbes
  55. 3 Awesome Therapeutic Applications of CBD Oil Proven by Scientific Evidence – The Frisky
  56. KannaSwiss: Europe’s leader in CBD research and production – Health Europa
  57. Northsight Capital to Start Distribution of 3 Exclusive CBD Oil Brands – GlobeNewswire
  58. CBD Oil Market is expected to register a CAGR of 30.0% during the forecast period to 2023 – Press Release – Digital Journal
  59. CBD Oil for Depression, Schizophrenia, ADHD, PTSD, Anxiety, Bipolar & More – PsychCentral.com
  60. Young parents are dropping CBD to be more ‘present’ and ‘patient’ with their kids – MarketWatch
  61. Cannabis Is A Safe, Effective Treatment For Autism In Children – Study Finds
  62. Are CBD products legal? – KLKN
  63. Opening of Your CBD Store in midtown Wilmington is second new cannabidiol retailer this year – Port City Daily
  64. Questions surround legality of CBD oil in Nebraska – 1011now
  65. CBD Oil Market 2024 Growth Forecast Analysis by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application – Fashion Herald
  66. Cannabis may help relieve Autism symptoms, Israeli study shows – The Times of Israel
  67. Super Bowl Champions Talk About The NFL’s Stance On Cannabis – Forbes
  68. 5 Former NFL Players Who Have Gotten Into The Cannabis Game – Forbes
  69. Global CBD Oil Market 2018 : Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Forecast to 2023 – Honest Version
  70. CBD: Rising star or popular fad? – The Conversation – US
  71. Cannabidiol: Rising star or popular fad? – The Conversation – US
  72. 01 – Cannabidiol: Rising star or popular fad? – University of Florida
  73. CBD Coffee Fans Will Want This CBD Espresso Recipe – Healthline
  74. CBD Oil Market : Industry Scope, Overview, Opportunities and Growth Trends 2018-2023 – Global News Tribune
  75. Pet owners treating sick dogs with CBD oil – The Jerusalem Post
  76. Lawmakers look at bills to decriminalize marijuana – WDTV
  77. CBD oil: Could cannabis oil save Steph and Dom Parker’s son with severe epilepsy? – Express
  78. CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks to menus – CNBC
  79. CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks – CNBC
  80. What to Know Before Giving Your Pet CBD – Weedmaps News
  81. Store brings CBD trend to Rock Hill with pain, anxiety treatments. How safe are they? – The State
  82. What the legal cannabis industry owes the victims of the drug war – Quartz
  83. Israeli Study on Cannabis Use, Safety With Autism Shows Promise – The Mighty
  84. CBD Oil Can Help you Sleep – Cannabis Herald
  85. CBD oil: What is cannabis oil, what are the benefits and can it help people with anxiety? – Express
  86. CBD Oil: The Facts, Risks and Alternatives – Men’s health UK
  87. CBD products for pets are flying off the shelves of Anchorage shops – KTUU.com
  88. What CBD, hemp products can mean for your health – WSAW
  89. Period Pain CBD Oil Is Now Available In The UK Via The Tampon Subscription Service OHNE – Bustle
  90. The Cannabis Conundrum – Richmond magazine
  91. CBD Oil For fibromyalgia: What you need to know? – The Frisky
  92. CBD oil: What is it and what are the benefits? There’s ONE thing you need to beware – Express
  93. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) Industry Research Report and Competitive Analysis Growth Trends 2018-2025 – openPR
  94. Josie Maran Launches Vegan CBD Elixir and Hemp Facial Oils at Sephora – LIVEKINDLY
  95. Top 6 Benefits of CBD Oil – The Frisky
  96. A daily dose (or 2): Curious minds turn to CBD to treat range of ailments – CBC News
  97. The beauty industry now wants to cure your anxiety with CBD and aromatherapy – Quartz
  98. CBD oil is being put in coffee and cookies — and won’t get you high – Vox.com
  99. Nebraska attorney general wants to inform public on marijuana risk as state senators push legalization – kwbe
  100. CBD Oil for Parkinson’s Disease – Civilized
  101. CBD oil: how to treat bad skin and improve your skincare routine with cannabidiol – Netdoctor
  102. Does CBD Oil Have Side Effects? Studies Say Yes, It Does – Cannabis Herald
  103. Booming CBD market has scientists, regulators scrambling – UPI News
  104. B.C. Cancer to lead first national cannabis clinical trial for symptom relief – Vancouver Sun
  105. Washington State Lawmakers Push Marijuana Treatment in K-12 Schools Despite Federal Funding Threat – Newsweek
  106. The Sad News About CBD Cupcakes – The Atlantic
  107. Prosecutor drops charges against mother and son who opened CBD store in Scottsbluff – Sand Hills Express
  108. I tried a dozen stress-relief snacks, tinctures and teas. So why am I still anxious? – The Washington Post
  109. CBD oil for sleep: can it be used to treat insomnia and other sleep problems? – Netdoctor
  110. Global CBD Hemp Oil Market 2019 Research Report | ENDOCA, CBD American Shaman, Gaia Botanicals, Isodiol, Medical Marijuana, – Daily Seekers
  111. Is it Safe for People with Diabetes to Smoke Marijuana? – A Sweet Life
  112. 5 Potential Benefits of CBD Oil – The Good Men Project
  113. Clearing up cannabis confusion – WatertownDailyTimes.com
  114. The Race to Relearn Hemp Farming – Scientific American
  115. Legal CBD Oil Blocked for 92 Year Old Miami Woman By Florida Bureaucracy – Miami New Times
  116. Microdosing Marijuana at 9 Years Sober – TheFix.com
  117. NC Biotech Center receives state grants for hemp, carrot studies – WRAL Tech Wire
  118. CBD Hemp Oil Market 2019-2024: Dealers, Suppliers, Brand Strategy Demand, Pricing Strategy and Analysis – PN Media
  119. Mushrooming CBD industry has hemp explosion behind it – The Spokesman-Review
  120. What Are The Ingredients Inside CBD Oil and How Can They Benefit Your Health? – AXcess News
  121. Everything You Need to Know About CBD Oil – BeautyMatter
  122. Myrtle Beach to block new smoke and vape shops from opening this year in city limits – Myrtle Beach Online
  123. Health benefits of CBD earn high praise from a veteran, businessman, and doctor. But what does the research show? – WAFB
  124. Health benefits of CBD earn high praise from a veteran, businessman, and doctor. But what does the research show? – WECT
  125. This Man Wants To Smash Diabetes With Cannabis Therapy – Green Market Report
  126. CBD Oil for Mental Health—Should You Take It Too? – Psychology Today
  127. Cannabidiol Oil Looks to Expand its Size in Overseas Market | CV Sciences, IRIE CBD, Elixinol – Press Release – Digital Journal
  128. CBD Has Proven Medicinal Value, But Can It Treat Anxiety? – Wikileaf
  129. Everything you need to know about legal cannabis as over-the-counter sales soar – Mirror Online
  130. Here’s What Happens If You Take Too Much CBD – Bustle
  131. Project CBD Sunday: Video With Robert Clarke – Cannabis Botany And Evolution | Cannabis and Hemp Events and News – Heady Vermont
  132. Terpenes: Everything You Need to Know About These Scented Wonders – Ministry of Hemp
  133. CBD is all the rage. Here’s what you should know about it – Washington Post
  134. — Prohibition Partners | business advisors to Europe’s legal cannabis industry – Prohibition Partners
  135. Predictions! We’ve got your 2019 food trends AND trends we want to see die – 88Nine Radio Milwaukee
  136. Your Good Health: CBD oil risky for anyone on heart medication – Times Colonist
  137. How to Buy the Best Safe and Effective CBD Products – Shape Magazine
  138. The 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp and what it means for Ohio – Ohio Ag Net – Ohio’s Country Journal and Ohio Ag Net
  139. Lawmakers re-file legislation ahead of 2019 session – WBTW – Myrtle Beach and Florence SC
  140. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – WSIU
  141. What The Studies Say About CBD Oil & Pregnancy Might Actually Surprise You – Romper
  142. Hemp firm partners with UA researchers to develop cannabis – Arkansas Online
  143. First standalone CBD oil store opens on Main Street, Wilkesboro – Wilkes Journal Patriot
  144. Hemp firm partners with UA researchers to develop cannabis – Arkansas Democrat-Gazette
  145. Holcomb remains against legalizing marijuana – The Herald
  146. Ask The Pharmacist: Alternative treatments for seizure management – Marco News
  147. Worldwide CBD Oil Market 2022 Development and Growth Forecast by Regions, Consumption, Recent Trends, and Applications – The NY Recorder
  148. A New Treatment: CBD Oil For Autism? – Puff Puff Post
  149. The Most Important Cannabis Studies of 2018 – Leafly
  150. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) 2018 Market Statics – ENDOCA, CBD American Shaman, Gaia Botanicals, Isodiol, Medical Marijuana – Next Newz
  151. Is CBD Helpful, or Just Hype? – The New York Times
  152. Precautions Needed for Medical Cannabis – Pain News Network
  153. More States Allow Medical Marijuana For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders : Shots – Health News – NPR
  154. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – HPPR
  155. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – KCUR
  156. CBD Hemp Oil Market Forecast – Industry Value, Market Size, Top Companies and General Trends for 2018-2025 – Prism Daily
  157. CBD Oil Can Benefit Man’s Best Friend, Too – L.A. Weekly
  158. How CBD May Complicate Glaucoma Treatment – TheFix.com
  159. Tests of CBD Oils Reveal Three Surprise Chemicals, One Big Problem – Leafly
  160. CBD drinks: Tilray, Anheuser-Busch InBev partner to research cannabis-infused drinks for the Canadian market – CBS News
  161. Smoke This: Inhale Marijuana Science | Medpage Today – MedPage Today
  162. Lacking guidance from doctors, parents lead the charge in treating children with CBD – Peninsula Press
  163. Trump signs Farm Bill to legalize hemp, could cause boom for marijuana-linked CBD – Business Insider
  164. 3 reasons to try CBD oil ice cream (yes, it’s a thing!) – WLOS
  165. Peabody High Class of ’14 supports Student Health Center
  166. CBD oil and anxiety treatment – Netdoctor
  167. Just add dairy: Study says it makes the Mediterranean diet even healthier
  168. FSA and PHE issue advice to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holidays
  169. Sellers praise benefits of CBD; doctor questions effectiveness, safety – Hays Post
  170. No $50 ham in food security planning
  171. Understanding the confusing world of CBD and THC ratios – Mashable
  172. Hemp is now legal, thanks to Congress. That’s big news for CBD. – Vox.com
  173. Cornell University Research Could Help Hemp Entrepreneurs (And Make Dogs Feel Better) – Forbes
  174. Bakery fined more than £150k for health and safety offences
  175. 12 on Health: Problem solving
  176. How To Research CBD Oil: Discovering CBD After An Injury – Ministry of Hemp
  177. Yes to yoghurt and cheese: New improved Mediterranean diet
  178. Zac Brown Launches Collective to Cover Projects in Music, Film, Food, Fashion & More
  179. Health care financial burden of animal-related injuries is growing, study says
  180. Health Dept. passes standard requiring labeling of medical marijuana edibles
  181. Health, Fitness and Food: Retail’s Thriving Sectors
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  184. 12 Health Food Trends to Be on the Lookout for in 2019
  185. Mediterranean Diet Plus Regular Exercise Maintains Weight Loss
  186. Don’t let foodborne illness crash your holiday party
  187. Yes, the Mediterranean diet is good for you. A new study confirms it.
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  190. Sure, kimchi can help you beat bloat—but did you know about these 5 other health benefits?
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  193. Prevent, heal leaky gut syndrome with natural, organic foods
  194. Health department cracking down on stores selling tobacco to teens
  195. Health Benefits of eating Broccoli !!
  196. What’s Ahead for Snack Food Trends in 2019?
  197. Whoa: A Kentucky racehorse tested positive for CBD and regulators aren’t happy – Lexington Herald-Leader
  198. CBD Vape Oil For Pain, Anxiety, & More: Why Do People Vape CBD? – Ministry of Hemp
  199. How many have to be hospitalized for salmonella, E. coli before we try food irradiation?
  200. Benefits of CBD for Epilepsy Fades in One-Third of Patients – MedPage Today
  201. Instagram food blogger reveals the TEN rules to follow to make your social media snaps look as appetising as possible – including how to tackle pesky shadows
  202. CBD Companies Prepare For Hemp Legalization In Farm Bill – Forbes
  203. FDA making moves to approve the first ever pharmaceutical-grade CBD oil for prescription use – Press Release – Digital Journal
  204. Tolerance to Cannabidiol for Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy Seen Over Time – Neurology Advisor
  205. CBD in the ADK | News, Sports, Jobs – The Adirondack Daily Enterprise
  206. Cannabidiol induces a rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effect in rodent model of depression – PsyPost
  207. Project CBD Launches Research Platform to Study CBD Efficacy – Project CBD
  208. Pot for pets: Can cannabis oil ease suffering for furry friends? – Tribune-Review
  209. How Select CBD Pairs Cannabinoids and Aromatherapy in Vape Pens – Leafly
  210. Why people love CBD — the cannabis product that won’t get you high – CNBC
  211. CBD Oil: All the Rage, But Is It Safe & Effective? – WebMD
  212. Claws and Effect: Cannabis Medicine for Pets – Project CBD
  213. Cannabinoids and Oxidation [BOOK EXCERPT] – Project CBD
CBD oil is being put in coffee and cookies — and won’t get you high – Vox.com

The coffee shop in my Brooklyn neighborhood has a chalkboard outside. It usually reads something like, “Our soup of the day is coffee.” Recently, though, it’s had a marijuana leaf on it, drawn in green chalk.

Recreational marijuana is not legal in New York state. What the coffee shop is selling is CBD-infused lattes; CBD, which stands for cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. Out of curiosity, I bought one. It cost $9 and tasted like a latte with that hint of marijuana herbiness you get from a weed cookie. Google research informed me I would not get high but would be calmer, less anxious, maybe a little sleepy. I have no idea if I felt anything at all. Mostly, I felt like I just spent $9 on coffee.

My coffee shop is not unusual in selling CBD products. In New York, and all over the country, you can find CBD oil in convenience stores, CBD vapes in smoke shops, and CBD tinctures and topical creams in beauty stores. You can buy CBD dog treats in Chicago, a $700 CBD couples massage in Philadelphia, and CBD chocolate chip cookies in Miami. CBD is also being combined with ice cream, savory snacks, and cocktails. Even Coca-Cola is reportedly working on a CBD-infused beverage.

CBD exists at the confluence of three huge consumer trends. The first is the herbal supplement boom, a $49 billion-a-year industry that has seen rapid expansion since about 2010. The second is the rise of the anxiety economy, in which all sorts of products, from fidget spinners to weighted blankets, are pitched as reducers of the mild panic of everyday life. And the third is the near-overnight creation of a legitimate cannabis industry, thanks to the spread of marijuana legalization.

The exact legality of CBD is tricky. The Drug Enforcement Administration maintains that CBD is federally illegal but will not bother going after anyone for possessing or using it. Many argue that a provision in the 2014 farm bill allowing industrial hemp pilot programs, mostly aimed at the textile industry, actually made non-THC use of cannabis legal; while the much-delayed 2018 farm bill signed into law at the end of the year made industrial hemp legal nationwide, CBD has largely yet to be reclassified.

It doesn’t really matter: The result is that anybody, in any state, can seemingly buy CBD online or in a local brick-and-mortar shop without fear of arrest. That availability made CBD at least a $350 million industry last year; some estimates suggest that by 2020, annual sales of CBD products could top $1 billion — and some say it already has.

The fast-casual chain By Chloe recently introduced a line of CBD baked goods called Feelz by Chloe.
Leslie Kirchhoff/By Chloe
Dez, a Middle Eastern restaurant in New York City, offers soft-serve ice cream topped with CBD-infused olive oil.
Dez

Despite this, CBD is something nobody knows much about, and certainly nobody is monitoring it properly. CBD is widely marketed as a supplement, despite the Food and Drug Administration saying it does not qualify as such (this is because it is an active ingredient in drugs which are either approved or under investigation to be approved). According to the FDA, the 2018 farm bill “preserved the agency’s current authority to regulate products containing cannabis or cannabis-derived compounds,” though the agency has largely ignored CBD up until now. On the FDA’s FAQ page, a vague answer maintains there are “many factors in deciding whether or not to initiate an enforcement action”; the agency plans to hold a public meeting and generally fact-gather “in the near future.” The Department of Agriculture handles research grants and pilot programs for hemp, but that’s where its involvement ends.

Research and regulation of cannabis in general is decades behind other crops and drugs because of its long prohibition. We’re in the early stages of a chaos period that will last a decade at minimum — a substance has to be legal in order for scientists to figure out how it works and for the government to figure out how to ensure it’s safe. Clinical trials take years to complete and will have to build on each other to create a competent understanding. Coupled with modern technology’s ability to disseminate truths, half-truths, and complete lies, this means we’re in a phase ripe for scams, intentional and not.

Both researchers who work with CBD and professionals who actually grow the raw material — those who best understand this compound and how it interacts with the human body, the people with the most investment in and knowledge about it — are skeptical to the point of scornful about consumer CBD products.

Esther Blessing is a professor and researcher at NYU who performs and reviews clinical trials on CBD’s effectiveness in treating post-traumatic stress, anxiety, substance addiction, and other conditions. Speaking about widely available and unregulated CBD oils, she says, “This is the main scam, snake oil thing going on out there now.”

CBD is about as poorly regulated and understood as a product this popular can possibly be. It’s not accurate to say that CBD, as a whole, is bullshit. From a medical perspective, it’s promising; recreationally, it’s interesting. But that doesn’t mean the stuff you’re buying works.

Anyone who tells you anything definitive about what CBD — or THC, for that matter — does to your body is lying. Nobody knows. The legitimate research out there is extremely limited, and the slow drip of legalization — medical use, then personal use, federally illegal but permitted by certain states and cities — has made it incredibly hard for researchers to do their jobs.

Here’s what we do know: The cannabis plant contains a wide variety of chemical compounds, many of which fall under the broad category of cannabinoids. There are more than 100 — exactly how many, we’re not sure. The best-known and certainly most profitable are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Both of these compounds stimulate the same receptor in the brain, called CB1, but have differing effects on the brain. Researchers aren’t totally sure why.

It may have something to do with the fact that THC stimulates that CB1 receptor a lot, in turn triggering the psychoactive effects of marijuana like disturbed sensory perception, impaired motor skills, and anxiety. Conversely, CBD stimulates CB1 very lightly, causing some effects that seem downright opposed to those of THC including relief from anxiety, stress, and hyper-excitability.

Unlike with THC, CBD’s effects aren’t limited to that single receptor. These effects are not precisely known, though CBD certainly has some impact on CB1’s sister receptor (CB2) as well as a receptor called 5-HT1A. When the 5-HT1A receptor comes into contact with a material that agonizes it, the effects can include reduced anxiety and increased calmness.

The limited studies out there indicate that CBD has, in its various interactions with the brain and immune system, some anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety effects. It can balance out the effects of THC by reducing the anxiety THC sometimes brings, and many in the industry are big on “broad spectrum” or “full spectrum” configurations, which use many cannabinoids at once.

There are a few ways to get CBD into your body. The most common, used in both clinical trials and consumer products, is via an oil in which CBD, which is naturally soluble in fat, has been dissolved. CBD oil can be taken orally, inhaled as a vape, or applied topically. Topical application is supposed to work sort of the way Icy Hot does, affecting a local muscle area specifically to reduce aches and pains, but the other methods produce full-brain and -body effects.

Ingesting — think CBD lattes, edibles, or just a drop of oil on the tongue — is likely much less effective than inhaling, says Blessing. When CBD-containing oil is ingested, it wants to join the other fat in your body; most of the CBD taken this way will just stay in that fat, inert and never getting to the brain. When inhaled, CBD bypasses the digestive system, which wants to store fat.

For ingested CBD, that fat solubility is a problem. “[Ingested] CBD has a very low bioavailability, something between 6 and 15 percent, which varies between people,” says Blessing. Because ingested CBD is so inefficient at actually getting to the brain to stimulate CB1 and other receptors, the doses shown to be effective have to be very high. “There’s no evidence that doses below 300 mg of CBD have any effect in any psychiatric measure,” says Blessing. “And in fact, dose-finding studies show that the lowest clinically effective dose of CBD for reducing anxiety is 300 mg.” Blessing is talking about induced anxiety in otherwise healthy patients, which is all we have studies on; studies of CBD’s efficacy in treating clinical anxiety, which would require regular doses, haven’t been published.

The only study that has tested the bioavailability of inhaled CBD is from 2014; it found a bioavailability of about 25 percent for 100 mg and 200 mg doses of CBD using a Volcano vaporizer. (The topical lotions are even less studied; there have been no clinical trials on them at all.) This is more efficient than ingesting CBD, in the same way that vaporizing THC is more efficient than eating it. To get an effect, you should ingest a different amount of CBD than you’d inhale … but how much is that? How much is too much?

CBD is most commonly consumed via an oil in which the compound has been dissolved.
AFP/Getty Images

The few CBD studies out there give us limited information, and hardly any about recreational CBD use. One study gave people different amounts of ingested CBD (100, 300, and 900 mg), as well as, for comparison, a placebo and Klonopin; those people then had to give a public speech, an action associated with high levels of anxiety in the broad populace. Neither 100 mg nor 900 mg, nor the placebo, had any effect. The 300 mg dose, though, did have a measurable calming effect on heart rate, blood pressure, and anxiety. (The Klonopin also worked.)

This indicates that CBD has what’s called an inverted bell curve of effectiveness; it works within a window, like Goldilocks’ porridge. Another study showed success in treating social anxiety with doses of 400 mg, though the study was small — just 10 patients.

Other studies have been done in lab animals, or in vitro (meaning in a test tube, using animal brain tissue). Those studies have found anxiety-reducing effects but only at midlevel dosages, in the range of 10 to 20 mg per kg. As an example, one study found that CBD can, in rats, be an effective anti-inflammatory painkiller — at 20 mg per kg. It’s not a direct translation, but that dosage would be somewhere in the range of several hundred milligrams for an adult human.

“There is a huge void of research in terms of confirming most effective dosing for various symptoms,” says Eric Baron of the Cleveland Clinic Neurological Institute, who has written several papers about the effects of THC and CBD on headaches, “so most of this is done by trial and error and self-titration.” Yes, most of the research on CBD is being done by consumers who are just … trying stuff.

“The standard dosage, I would say, is around 20 mg per serving,” says Joshua Tavares, the general manager of Clover Grocery, which sells a wide variety of CBD products including gummies, tinctures, and topical lotions. (Tavares describes the shop, which also sells artisanal potato chips, as a “bougie bodega.”) “The main benefits that we touch upon when selling the products are that CBD is helpful for anxiety and providing you with a sense of calm. I would say it’s our top seller since we brought it in. The CBD category in general is really booming right now for us.”

Flower Power, which sells CBD-infused coffee to cafes like Caffeine Underground in New York City, puts 5 mg of CBD in each serving of coffee. The company, like many involved in the sale of CBD, is extremely careful about what it says regarding CBD’s effects for fear of FDA intervention. The standard language for CBD packaging and website documentation is similar to that of many supplements (think: milk thistle, echinacea, elderberry, turmeric) and is some variation on: “These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or ailment.”

Flower Power coffee packs contain 5 mg of CBD per serving.
Flower Power

“I’ve got to be really careful what I say when it comes to preaching about benefits that CBD can bring,” says Richard Roocroft, the vice president of global sales and marketing for Flower Power. “We just say, have a cup of coffee once a day to keep the doctor away.” I ask about his dosage and whether he has information indicating it has any effect. “To answer your question, ‘Do we have the studies?’ No. We have nothing that would support that,” he tells me.

“We’ve found that an effective dose for psychological issues, like stress anxiety, generally tends to start out at 6 mg and can go up to 20 mg,” says Zachary Clancy, a horticulturist and clinical herbalist at the Alchemist’s Kitchen, which sells a wide range of CBD goods at its retail store in lower Manhattan and also sells wholesale to restaurants. (Clinical herbalists can complete any of a variety of educational programs and apprenticeships to gain that title.)

Clancy says his dose estimates are based on a book called CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis: Healing Without the High. The co-author of that book is Leonard Leinow, the founder of Synergy Wellness, which calls itself a “hand crafted artisanal CBD cannabis collective.” He is not a doctor or a scientist, but he is a sculptor of erotic bronze pieces, like a yin-yang symbol made up of two interlocking penises.

These dosages are pretty standard in the consumer CBD industry and, per the research available, nowhere near the doses proven to be effective in clinical trials. NuLeaf Naturals, a prominent online CBD seller, sells 240 mg of oil for $38.50. It does not specify dosage but measures its CBD concentration in single drops; there are 100 drops per bottle, each containing 2.4 mg. You would have to take the entire bottle, according to Blessing, to get close to the absolute minimum dose that studies show might be effective for reducing anxiety. A $3 squirt of CBD oil on your ice cream or coffee? Probably right around 10 mg. You’d need 30 times that amount to get to the levels at which researchers have found stress-relieving results.

Roocroft explained his company’s low dose by saying, “Everyone’s different, so when it comes to microdosing, they can control their cup of coffee, which is a 6-ounce serving per brew.” He’s not the only person I talked to who used the term “microdosing.” Blessing says he’s misusing the term. Microdosing means using very small amounts of very powerful drugs; sometimes, this can have extremely mild or even totally different effects from what is considered a full dose. But the key is microdosing still has a provable effect.

“If you use a tiny amount of psilocybin, it still does something,” says Blessing. “Microdosing with psilocybin still has effects biologically, but there isn’t any evidence that low doses of CBD, like 5 mg, do anything at all.” The only study I could find indicating that low doses of CBD have an effect concluded that a rare form of childhood epilepsy called Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is treatable using 10 mg of CBD. For anxiety in adults? Nothing.

Research on low levels of CBD is, you guessed it, incredibly limited; just a single paper on the medical research database PubMed specifically looked at CBD in these low doses, as a treatment for Crohn’s disease. (It was not found to have an effect.) As such, it wouldn’t be fair to say that 5 or even 20 mg of CBD oil in your coffee is proven to do nothing; that hasn’t been proven. It’s more accurate to say that 20 mg of CBD oil in your coffee has never been proven to do much of anything, and related research indicates that’s probably way too low of a dose to have any measurable effect.

I tell several sellers of CBD food and drink what I learned from Blessing and ask what they think. “Return customers who come back, and swear by it and love it, buy two at a time to stock up for the week because they do find it to be very helpful,” says Tavares. Clancy echoes this: “We rely a lot on consumer feedback and testimonial, and generally it’s positive when taking that minimal amount. Now, that very well could be a placebo effect, but either way, people have come back and reported significant benefits when it comes to easing social anxiety.”

Is it possible that all of this is just … the placebo effect? It feels condescending to suggest that, given there are hoards of people who love their CBD tinctures and gummies and claim effects from it. It’s a tremendously rude thing to say, hey, you’re all being hoodwinked. But the placebo effect is much stronger than you might think.

“Placebo response always needs to be taken into account for any treatment being studied,” says Baron. “Placebo response is actually quite high in many pharmaceutical trials, for example. In fact, there are many treatment trials for various medications and other treatments where benefit responses to placebo are actually higher than the treatment itself being studied.”

One study found that placebos sometimes work even when the subject knows it’s a placebo. Another, using that same public speaking setup that CBD studies have used, found that anxiety treatments are particularly susceptible to the placebo effect, with 40 percent of placebo-treated patients showing a decrease in anxiety symptoms while tasked with speaking to a crowd.

So is it possible that despite all this anecdotal evidence, low-dose CBD is a placebo? Sure, because, say it with me: We don’t know anything about CBD. “Unfortunately,” says Baron, “we are nowhere near close to having any definitive trials on effectiveness for most symptoms claimed to benefit from CBD with trials that are scientifically relevant, such as prospective randomized placebo-controlled trials.”

The Alchemist’s Kitchen and Clover Grocery are high-end stores that cheerfully tell customers where they source their products from and only stock brands with similarly transparent sourcing. This CBD usually comes from cannabis plants farmed in Colorado or Oregon, or, increasingly, states not normally associated with the cannabis trade. EarthE CBD, a prominent online seller of CBD products, for example, sources from local farms in New Jersey; it also publishes lab results on its website showing that its products have been tested to have no THC and the amount of CBD the company says they should have.

This is a weird Wild West time for CBD, and these companies are doing their best. They are not the norm. A potentially larger problem than dosage is the lack of accountability and dearth of information about the ingredients found in most CBD products sold across the country.

New York’s Hudson Hemp farm grows industrial hemp, which is used to produce CBD isolate.
Jeremy Sachs Michaels/Hudson Hemp

“Not all CBD on the market is created equal, and there is really a lack of understanding about even what cannabis is, let alone CBD,” says Melany Dobson, the chief administrative officer of Hudson Hemp.

Hudson Hemp began growing industrial hemp through a New York state pilot program that began in late 2017. Industrial hemp is extremely low in or entirely free of THC and is grown for fiber, hempseed oil, and, increasingly, CBD. Hudson Hemp grows Cherry Wine, one of several varieties, or strains, of the cannabis plant that have been bred to remove THC (which remains illegal in New York) and maximize CBD yield. Some strains are naturally high in CBD and very low in THC; others are high in THC and low in CBD; still others have similar levels of each.

CBD is derived by growing cannabis, drying it out, pulverizing it, and then, often, using a rotary evaporator filled with an ethanol solvent to extract the CBD. (There are some other methods, but the ethanol one is common.) It’s a pretty old and fairly low-tech technique, but it’s effective. What you end up with is, hopefully, about 99 percent pure CBD in the form of white powder, which is called CBD isolate. (Some CBD is billed as “full spectrum,” which means it contains other things from the cannabis plant, like a bunch of other cannabinoids, but there’s no formal definition for full spectrum.)

Hudson Hemp, like all cannabis farms in New York, has to get its CBD powder tested by one of only a few reputable labs approved by the state; if it contains more than 0.3 percent THC, it’s illegal.

Hudson Hemp caters to high-end CBD companies, and its accountability is unusual. Vast amounts of CBD products are sold online and in stores without any documentation or transparency. Online retailers say whatever they want. Big marketplaces, from eBay to Alibaba, sell mysterious vials of oil with odd labels, and people buy them.

These products are from places like Xi’an Lyphar Biotech Co. Ltd., which doesn’t mention that it’s one of the largest CBD sellers on Alibaba on its website, let alone reveal where it’s sourcing its CBD from. There are big companies and small companies, companies that provide elaborate chemical charts and companies that have no online presence at all. There are companies that run their goods — either as raw materials or as consumer-stage final products — through lab tests. There are those that say they do but provide no information on what the labs found or which labs tested their products.

Everyone wants a piece of CBD, and nobody is watching. Remember: There’s no regulation by the FDA or anyone else. An investigation by Natural Products Insider, a trade publication for the supplement industry, revealed that CBD producers are, at best, claiming to follow “good manufacturing practices” without any official oversight. It’s illegal to sell something that isn’t what its packaging claims it is — that falls under the purview of the Federal Trade Commission — but nobody is doing onsite testing.

To get caught, a consumer or partner would have to report a product to the FTC and/or FDA, and those organizations would have to work out among themselves whose job it was, and then they’d have to actually go investigate, all while the product remains on shelves.

So how can you be sure that your CBD oil actually contains what the package says it does?

Blessing told me that two clinical managers of pharmaceutical companies she knows have performed tests on various CBD oils they’ve found for sale, just out of curiosity. (They declined to speak on the record.) Some of these products had no CBD in them at all, they found. Some had levels of THC that exceeded the federal limit.

That lines up with one of the rare instances of FDA testing. In 2016, the FDA tested several “CBD oils,” ultimately issuing warnings to eight companies. Some of those oils were found to contain no or barely any CBD, and many contained illegal quantities of THC. For example, Healthy Hemp Oil’s “Herbal Renewals 25% CBD Hemp Oil Gold Label” contained 8.4 mg/g of THC. Sana Te Premium Oils, which sold 25 mg “CBD oil” capsules on Etsy, contained between 13 and 19 mg/g of THC and less than 0.1 mg/g of CBD.

This isn’t simply an issue of legality, but one of safety. “If you have just, say, 8 mg of THC, that’ll have an effect,” says Blessing. “That’ll get you high. That could impair driving.”

Blessing also notes that in lower doses, like 5 mg or even less, THC does about the same thing that CBD does in very high doses: lightly stimulates that CB1 receptor. It is not impossible that if you’re actually feeling something from a CBD supplement, it’s because that supplement contains some THC. Or who knows what else!

Blessing’s clinical manager contacts did not perform formal studies on CBD. They didn’t want to open themselves up to legal challenges from the CBD companies, and in any case saw very little reason to bother challenging a product with a name like “100% Pure organic cbd oil hemp seed oil for skin with cheap price” that ships in bulk from Alibaba. They see a market littered with items like this and assume that no customer would reasonably assume it’s of high quality.

They’re wrong, of course, because this stuff sells like gangbusters.

Researchers like Blessing are legitimately excited about CBD. It shows real promise in treating previously intractable disorders like schizophrenia, and without the destructive side effects of existing drugs. Still, that doesn’t mean CBD is harmless. Research on drug interactions with CBD is in its infancy, but what is known within the medical community is that CBD can cause serious problems for people taking certain classes of drugs, namely SSRIs (a group of antidepressants including Zoloft and Prozac) and opioids.

“CBD inhibits the cytochrome P450 enzymes that break down important psychiatric drugs,” says Blessing. CBD isn’t the only substance that messes with the body’s ability to metabolize these drugs — both St. John’s wort and the humble grapefruit are unfriendly — but CBD is comparatively poorly studied. The way CBD inhibits those enzymes could dramatically raise the levels of SSRIs or opioids in the system, potentially leading to an overdose.

Clancy readily admits that potential interactions could be dangerous and says that educating customers is a major part of the Alchemist Kitchen’s approach: “We want to make sure that [our customers] have a well-rounded understanding of the medicinal applications of CBD, because right now it’s being thrown in everything, as I’m sure you’re aware.”

CBD has drug interactions with SSRIs and opioids.
Jeremy Sachs Michaels/Hudson Hemp

The Alchemist’s Kitchen makes it a point to tell customers everything they know, or think they know, about CBD, and to emphasize that if CBD is going to be a regular part of their lives, they should consult with a doctor to make sure they won’t have any adverse reactions. Your bodega guy, who’s selling a little jar of CBD oil right next to the Dentyne Ice gum, almost certainly isn’t doing the same.

“If you’re taking Prozac or some other medication, you really need to think carefully about what you’re doing, because it can harm you, and you should talk to your doctor about it,” says Blessing. Blessing does note that while the drug interactions are potentially very serious, the doses in consumer CBD products are so low that the risk is likely minimal. Regardless, the fact that CBD has drug interactions should indicate that it is, at least sometimes, in some doses, actually doing something.

And that’s what’s maddening and fascinating about CBD: It isn’t bullshit. Crystals are bullshit. Himalayan salt ionizers are bullshit. SugarBearHair apparently doesn’t contain what it says it does, though it wouldn’t work better than a well-balanced diet even if it did. CBD, though wildly understudied, is not bullshit. In fact, the FDA just approved its very first cannabis-derived drug, a CBD-based epilepsy treatment called Epidiolex. The dosage for Epidiolex starts at around 2.5 mg/kg and is increased to 5 mg/kg, so a 150-pound adult would settle onto a dose of just over 340 mg per day, though the diseases it targets start in childhood.

Even some of the claims made by recreational CBD sellers aren’t bullshit, in the abstract. CBD really does show some anti-inflammatory properties. It really does have anxiolytic effects, in certain situations. Of course, it’s the scammy nature of herbal supplements that a seller can say something like “CBD has been indicated to reduce anxiety” (a true statement!), even though the actual product you’ve got in your hand has never been indicated to do so. Nutmeg, for example, will act as a dangerous psychoactive drug at high levels, but it would be deranged to put “scientific research has shown that nutmeg can get you high as hell” on a pumpkin spice latte. It’s correct, but it’s also incredibly misleading.

We don’t know how CBD affects the brain in any kind of depth. We don’t know which doses and delivery methods are best for different outcomes. We don’t know how CBD interacts with most other drugs or foods. We don’t know the differences between the effects of isolates and full-spectrum preparations. We don’t even know how many cannabinoids there are. California, for what it’s worth, seems aware and concerned about this whole thing.

But a lack of data does not hinder capitalism; it is, rather, a huge help. When nobody knows anything, you can say — or imply — anything. More importantly, you can sell everything.