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CBD Oil: Fad Or Fantastic? What You Need To Know. – Louisville Eccentric Observer – Natural Nutrition 4 Health
  1. So You Have Some Questions About CBD – The New Yorker
  2. CBD Oil: What is it? And is it really effective? – Fox 32 Chicago
  3. Does CBD Work for Pain Relief? [What You Need to Know] – Salon
  4. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) Market Top Industries 2019 | CBD – Industry Research Reports
  5. CBD Oil: A Primer – Project CBD
  6. Cannabis stocks mostly higher after FDA head promises April talks on CBD regulation – MarketWatch
  7. Alabama Department of Health warns against untested CBD products – Trussvilletribune
  8. Alabama health officials warn of CBD oil dangers – AL.com
  9. These 2 Families Turned to Cannabis to Treat Their Kids’ Autism – Healthline
  10. CBD vs. CBN: Differences, Benefits, And Uses For Two Potent Cannabinoids – Ministry of Hemp
  11. Bees Show a Surprising Affinity for the Pollen of Male Hemp Plants – Weedmaps News
  12. CBD Oil is Expected to Register a CAGR of 30.0% during the Forecast Period to 2024 – GloballUp
  13. Farmers Hope for Hemp Riches Despite Risks – The Pew Charitable Trusts
  14. From Salves To Sprays: CBD Comes In Many Popular Forms, But Claims ‘Are A Snake Oil In A Sense,’ Scientists Say – Kaiser Health News
  15. Melissa McCarthy covered her feet in CBD oil before the Oscars for an unusual reason – INSIDER
  16. Melissa McCarthy Used CBD Oil On Her Toes At The Oscars To Prevent Pain From High Heels – Women’s Health
  17. Melissa McCarthy Used CBD Oil For High Heel Pain At 2019 Oscars – Women’s Health
  18. Global CBD Hemp Oil 2019 Market Share, Trends, Segmentation & Forecast To 2024 – Press Release – Digital Journal
  19. Best supplements for dry skin: The plant supplement which could help dry or itchy skin – Express
  20. How Often are Fibromyalgia Patients Misdiagnosed? – CBD Testers
  21. Can Hemp Boost Ohio’s Farm Economy? – Forbes
  22. Natural Ways For Pain Relief: Arthritis – The Frisky
  23. Cannabis could help pets with seizures or pain, research suggests. Here’s what to know before trying it. – INSIDER
  24. CBD Oil as a Medicine – The Healing Properties of Cannabidiol – Times Square Chronicles
  25. Does CBD for Anxiety Work? – Glamour
  26. Celeb Manicurist Mazz Hanna Talks The Power Of Crystals, Her Makeup Muse, And CBD Beauty – Forbes
  27. Here’s What Happened When I Used CBD Before & After Working Out For A Month – Bustle
  28. CBD Oil: Fad Or Fantastic? What You Need To Know. – Louisville Eccentric Observer
  29. How safe is CBD oil? | BlackPressUSA – Black Press USA
  30. South Austin CBD Oil Store Debuts Affordable Products At 2019 SXSW Wellness Expo – BioSpace
  31. Israeli Clinical Research Finds Cannabis Oil Alleviates Autism Disorders – Weedmaps News
  32. Advocate of medical marijuana hosting educational meeting Wednesday – East Idaho News
  33. CBD Versus Nicotine – Project CBD
  34. National CBD-infused treats: Are there health benefits for your pets? – ABC Action News
  35. National CBD-infused treats: Are there health benefits for your pets? – NewsChannel5.com
  36. Top CBD Oil Benefits – newsopi
  37. Legal cannabis oil sold in British health shops can get users high, study shows – Daily Mail
  38. The Right Remedy For You – The Collegian
  39. What Happens When You Mix CBD With Caffeine? Here’s What The Research Shows – Bustle
  40. I Used CBD Oil Every Day For 2 Months, and Here’s What I Learned – LIVEKINDLY
  41. What are the best hemp oil benefits? – Medical News Today
  42. Every Question You Have About CBD—Answered – Health.com
  43. Corey Johnson opposes Health Department’s CBD ban – New York Post
  44. Earth Science Tech, Inc. Signs Distributor for Hygee™ and Provides Update on CBD Product Launch – Nasdaq
  45. Check Out Candy Head CBD Edibles During American Heart Month – BioSpace
  46. Check Out Candy Head CBD Edibles During American Heart Month – PRNewswire
  47. New Israeli Study Shows Medical Cannabis Eases Autism Symptoms In Children | Health News – NoCamels – Israeli Innovation News
  48. What Is CBD Oil, and What Does It Do? (VIDEO) – Newsy
  49. MS News that Caught My Eye: Marijuana, MS Solutions Contest, Diagnosis Delays, Medicare Costs – Multiple Sclerosis News Today
  50. What you need to know about CBD oil and your pets – NBC News
  51. CBD: Rising star or popular fad? – Salon
  52. CBD Hemp Oil Market Research | Product Types, Market Share, Market Segmentation, Forecast 2025 – TOP Tribune
  53. Cannabinoids Could Help Manage EB-related Pain, Study Suggests – Epidermolysis Bullosa News
  54. Blockchain And CBD: What’s All The Fuss About? – Forbes
  55. 3 Awesome Therapeutic Applications of CBD Oil Proven by Scientific Evidence – The Frisky
  56. KannaSwiss: Europe’s leader in CBD research and production – Health Europa
  57. Northsight Capital to Start Distribution of 3 Exclusive CBD Oil Brands – GlobeNewswire
  58. CBD Oil Market is expected to register a CAGR of 30.0% during the forecast period to 2023 – Press Release – Digital Journal
  59. CBD Oil for Depression, Schizophrenia, ADHD, PTSD, Anxiety, Bipolar & More – PsychCentral.com
  60. Young parents are dropping CBD to be more ‘present’ and ‘patient’ with their kids – MarketWatch
  61. Cannabis Is A Safe, Effective Treatment For Autism In Children – Study Finds
  62. Are CBD products legal? – KLKN
  63. Opening of Your CBD Store in midtown Wilmington is second new cannabidiol retailer this year – Port City Daily
  64. Questions surround legality of CBD oil in Nebraska – 1011now
  65. CBD Oil Market 2024 Growth Forecast Analysis by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application – Fashion Herald
  66. Cannabis may help relieve Autism symptoms, Israeli study shows – The Times of Israel
  67. Super Bowl Champions Talk About The NFL’s Stance On Cannabis – Forbes
  68. 5 Former NFL Players Who Have Gotten Into The Cannabis Game – Forbes
  69. Global CBD Oil Market 2018 : Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Forecast to 2023 – Honest Version
  70. CBD: Rising star or popular fad? – The Conversation – US
  71. Cannabidiol: Rising star or popular fad? – The Conversation – US
  72. 01 – Cannabidiol: Rising star or popular fad? – University of Florida
  73. CBD Coffee Fans Will Want This CBD Espresso Recipe – Healthline
  74. CBD Oil Market : Industry Scope, Overview, Opportunities and Growth Trends 2018-2023 – Global News Tribune
  75. Pet owners treating sick dogs with CBD oil – The Jerusalem Post
  76. Lawmakers look at bills to decriminalize marijuana – WDTV
  77. CBD oil: Could cannabis oil save Steph and Dom Parker’s son with severe epilepsy? – Express
  78. CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks to menus – CNBC
  79. CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks – CNBC
  80. What to Know Before Giving Your Pet CBD – Weedmaps News
  81. Store brings CBD trend to Rock Hill with pain, anxiety treatments. How safe are they? – The State
  82. What the legal cannabis industry owes the victims of the drug war – Quartz
  83. Israeli Study on Cannabis Use, Safety With Autism Shows Promise – The Mighty
  84. CBD Oil Can Help you Sleep – Cannabis Herald
  85. CBD oil: What is cannabis oil, what are the benefits and can it help people with anxiety? – Express
  86. CBD Oil: The Facts, Risks and Alternatives – Men’s health UK
  87. CBD products for pets are flying off the shelves of Anchorage shops – KTUU.com
  88. What CBD, hemp products can mean for your health – WSAW
  89. Period Pain CBD Oil Is Now Available In The UK Via The Tampon Subscription Service OHNE – Bustle
  90. The Cannabis Conundrum – Richmond magazine
  91. CBD Oil For fibromyalgia: What you need to know? – The Frisky
  92. CBD oil: What is it and what are the benefits? There’s ONE thing you need to beware – Express
  93. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) Industry Research Report and Competitive Analysis Growth Trends 2018-2025 – openPR
  94. Josie Maran Launches Vegan CBD Elixir and Hemp Facial Oils at Sephora – LIVEKINDLY
  95. Top 6 Benefits of CBD Oil – The Frisky
  96. A daily dose (or 2): Curious minds turn to CBD to treat range of ailments – CBC News
  97. The beauty industry now wants to cure your anxiety with CBD and aromatherapy – Quartz
  98. CBD oil is being put in coffee and cookies — and won’t get you high – Vox.com
  99. Nebraska attorney general wants to inform public on marijuana risk as state senators push legalization – kwbe
  100. CBD Oil for Parkinson’s Disease – Civilized
  101. CBD oil: how to treat bad skin and improve your skincare routine with cannabidiol – Netdoctor
  102. Does CBD Oil Have Side Effects? Studies Say Yes, It Does – Cannabis Herald
  103. Booming CBD market has scientists, regulators scrambling – UPI News
  104. B.C. Cancer to lead first national cannabis clinical trial for symptom relief – Vancouver Sun
  105. Washington State Lawmakers Push Marijuana Treatment in K-12 Schools Despite Federal Funding Threat – Newsweek
  106. The Sad News About CBD Cupcakes – The Atlantic
  107. Prosecutor drops charges against mother and son who opened CBD store in Scottsbluff – Sand Hills Express
  108. I tried a dozen stress-relief snacks, tinctures and teas. So why am I still anxious? – The Washington Post
  109. CBD oil for sleep: can it be used to treat insomnia and other sleep problems? – Netdoctor
  110. Global CBD Hemp Oil Market 2019 Research Report | ENDOCA, CBD American Shaman, Gaia Botanicals, Isodiol, Medical Marijuana, – Daily Seekers
  111. Is it Safe for People with Diabetes to Smoke Marijuana? – A Sweet Life
  112. 5 Potential Benefits of CBD Oil – The Good Men Project
  113. Clearing up cannabis confusion – WatertownDailyTimes.com
  114. The Race to Relearn Hemp Farming – Scientific American
  115. Legal CBD Oil Blocked for 92 Year Old Miami Woman By Florida Bureaucracy – Miami New Times
  116. Microdosing Marijuana at 9 Years Sober – TheFix.com
  117. NC Biotech Center receives state grants for hemp, carrot studies – WRAL Tech Wire
  118. CBD Hemp Oil Market 2019-2024: Dealers, Suppliers, Brand Strategy Demand, Pricing Strategy and Analysis – PN Media
  119. Mushrooming CBD industry has hemp explosion behind it – The Spokesman-Review
  120. What Are The Ingredients Inside CBD Oil and How Can They Benefit Your Health? – AXcess News
  121. Everything You Need to Know About CBD Oil – BeautyMatter
  122. Myrtle Beach to block new smoke and vape shops from opening this year in city limits – Myrtle Beach Online
  123. Health benefits of CBD earn high praise from a veteran, businessman, and doctor. But what does the research show? – WAFB
  124. Health benefits of CBD earn high praise from a veteran, businessman, and doctor. But what does the research show? – WECT
  125. This Man Wants To Smash Diabetes With Cannabis Therapy – Green Market Report
  126. CBD Oil for Mental Health—Should You Take It Too? – Psychology Today
  127. Cannabidiol Oil Looks to Expand its Size in Overseas Market | CV Sciences, IRIE CBD, Elixinol – Press Release – Digital Journal
  128. CBD Has Proven Medicinal Value, But Can It Treat Anxiety? – Wikileaf
  129. Everything you need to know about legal cannabis as over-the-counter sales soar – Mirror Online
  130. Here’s What Happens If You Take Too Much CBD – Bustle
  131. Project CBD Sunday: Video With Robert Clarke – Cannabis Botany And Evolution | Cannabis and Hemp Events and News – Heady Vermont
  132. Terpenes: Everything You Need to Know About These Scented Wonders – Ministry of Hemp
  133. CBD is all the rage. Here’s what you should know about it – Washington Post
  134. — Prohibition Partners | business advisors to Europe’s legal cannabis industry – Prohibition Partners
  135. Predictions! We’ve got your 2019 food trends AND trends we want to see die – 88Nine Radio Milwaukee
  136. Your Good Health: CBD oil risky for anyone on heart medication – Times Colonist
  137. How to Buy the Best Safe and Effective CBD Products – Shape Magazine
  138. The 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp and what it means for Ohio – Ohio Ag Net – Ohio’s Country Journal and Ohio Ag Net
  139. Lawmakers re-file legislation ahead of 2019 session – WBTW – Myrtle Beach and Florence SC
  140. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – WSIU
  141. What The Studies Say About CBD Oil & Pregnancy Might Actually Surprise You – Romper
  142. Hemp firm partners with UA researchers to develop cannabis – Arkansas Online
  143. First standalone CBD oil store opens on Main Street, Wilkesboro – Wilkes Journal Patriot
  144. Hemp firm partners with UA researchers to develop cannabis – Arkansas Democrat-Gazette
  145. Holcomb remains against legalizing marijuana – The Herald
  146. Ask The Pharmacist: Alternative treatments for seizure management – Marco News
  147. Worldwide CBD Oil Market 2022 Development and Growth Forecast by Regions, Consumption, Recent Trends, and Applications – The NY Recorder
  148. A New Treatment: CBD Oil For Autism? – Puff Puff Post
  149. The Most Important Cannabis Studies of 2018 – Leafly
  150. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) 2018 Market Statics – ENDOCA, CBD American Shaman, Gaia Botanicals, Isodiol, Medical Marijuana – Next Newz
  151. Is CBD Helpful, or Just Hype? – The New York Times
  152. Precautions Needed for Medical Cannabis – Pain News Network
  153. More States Allow Medical Marijuana For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders : Shots – Health News – NPR
  154. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – HPPR
  155. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – KCUR
  156. CBD Hemp Oil Market Forecast – Industry Value, Market Size, Top Companies and General Trends for 2018-2025 – Prism Daily
  157. CBD Oil Can Benefit Man’s Best Friend, Too – L.A. Weekly
  158. How CBD May Complicate Glaucoma Treatment – TheFix.com
  159. Tests of CBD Oils Reveal Three Surprise Chemicals, One Big Problem – Leafly
  160. CBD drinks: Tilray, Anheuser-Busch InBev partner to research cannabis-infused drinks for the Canadian market – CBS News
  161. Smoke This: Inhale Marijuana Science | Medpage Today – MedPage Today
  162. Lacking guidance from doctors, parents lead the charge in treating children with CBD – Peninsula Press
  163. Trump signs Farm Bill to legalize hemp, could cause boom for marijuana-linked CBD – Business Insider
  164. 3 reasons to try CBD oil ice cream (yes, it’s a thing!) – WLOS
  165. Peabody High Class of ’14 supports Student Health Center
  166. CBD oil and anxiety treatment – Netdoctor
  167. Just add dairy: Study says it makes the Mediterranean diet even healthier
  168. FSA and PHE issue advice to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holidays
  169. Sellers praise benefits of CBD; doctor questions effectiveness, safety – Hays Post
  170. No $50 ham in food security planning
  171. Understanding the confusing world of CBD and THC ratios – Mashable
  172. Hemp is now legal, thanks to Congress. That’s big news for CBD. – Vox.com
  173. Cornell University Research Could Help Hemp Entrepreneurs (And Make Dogs Feel Better) – Forbes
  174. Bakery fined more than £150k for health and safety offences
  175. 12 on Health: Problem solving
  176. How To Research CBD Oil: Discovering CBD After An Injury – Ministry of Hemp
  177. Yes to yoghurt and cheese: New improved Mediterranean diet
  178. Zac Brown Launches Collective to Cover Projects in Music, Film, Food, Fashion & More
  179. Health care financial burden of animal-related injuries is growing, study says
  180. Health Dept. passes standard requiring labeling of medical marijuana edibles
  181. Health, Fitness and Food: Retail’s Thriving Sectors
  182. BMI, overall health are connected after all, study says
  183. Health Officials Surprised by Number of Local Zika Cases
  184. 12 Health Food Trends to Be on the Lookout for in 2019
  185. Mediterranean Diet Plus Regular Exercise Maintains Weight Loss
  186. Don’t let foodborne illness crash your holiday party
  187. Yes, the Mediterranean diet is good for you. A new study confirms it.
  188. Mediterranean Diet Linked to Drop in CVD Risk
  189. Why Is The Mediterranean Diet So Healthy? Study Lets Us Count The Ways
  190. Sure, kimchi can help you beat bloat—but did you know about these 5 other health benefits?
  191. What We Know About Diet and Weight Loss
  192. 8 Things That Can Cause Belly Bloat This Thanksgiving, and How to Prevent Them
  193. Prevent, heal leaky gut syndrome with natural, organic foods
  194. Health department cracking down on stores selling tobacco to teens
  195. Health Benefits of eating Broccoli !!
  196. What’s Ahead for Snack Food Trends in 2019?
  197. Whoa: A Kentucky racehorse tested positive for CBD and regulators aren’t happy – Lexington Herald-Leader
  198. CBD Vape Oil For Pain, Anxiety, & More: Why Do People Vape CBD? – Ministry of Hemp
  199. How many have to be hospitalized for salmonella, E. coli before we try food irradiation?
  200. Benefits of CBD for Epilepsy Fades in One-Third of Patients – MedPage Today
  201. Instagram food blogger reveals the TEN rules to follow to make your social media snaps look as appetising as possible – including how to tackle pesky shadows
  202. CBD Companies Prepare For Hemp Legalization In Farm Bill – Forbes
  203. FDA making moves to approve the first ever pharmaceutical-grade CBD oil for prescription use – Press Release – Digital Journal
  204. Tolerance to Cannabidiol for Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy Seen Over Time – Neurology Advisor
  205. CBD in the ADK | News, Sports, Jobs – The Adirondack Daily Enterprise
  206. Cannabidiol induces a rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effect in rodent model of depression – PsyPost
  207. Project CBD Launches Research Platform to Study CBD Efficacy – Project CBD
  208. Pot for pets: Can cannabis oil ease suffering for furry friends? – Tribune-Review
  209. How Select CBD Pairs Cannabinoids and Aromatherapy in Vape Pens – Leafly
  210. Why people love CBD — the cannabis product that won’t get you high – CNBC
  211. CBD Oil: All the Rage, But Is It Safe & Effective? – WebMD
  212. Claws and Effect: Cannabis Medicine for Pets – Project CBD
  213. Cannabinoids and Oxidation [BOOK EXCERPT] – Project CBD
Mar 22, 2019
  1. So You Have Some Questions About CBD – The New Yorker
  2. CBD Oil: What is it? And is it really effective? – Fox 32 Chicago
  3. Does CBD Work for Pain Relief? [What You Need to Know] – Salon
  4. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) Market Top Industries 2019 | CBD – Industry Research Reports
  5. CBD Oil: A Primer – Project CBD
  6. Cannabis stocks mostly higher after FDA head promises April talks on CBD regulation – MarketWatch
  7. Alabama Department of Health warns against untested CBD products – Trussvilletribune
  8. Alabama health officials warn of CBD oil dangers – AL.com
  9. These 2 Families Turned to Cannabis to Treat Their Kids’ Autism – Healthline
  10. CBD vs. CBN: Differences, Benefits, And Uses For Two Potent Cannabinoids – Ministry of Hemp
  11. Bees Show a Surprising Affinity for the Pollen of Male Hemp Plants – Weedmaps News
  12. CBD Oil is Expected to Register a CAGR of 30.0% during the Forecast Period to 2024 – GloballUp
  13. Farmers Hope for Hemp Riches Despite Risks – The Pew Charitable Trusts
  14. From Salves To Sprays: CBD Comes In Many Popular Forms, But Claims ‘Are A Snake Oil In A Sense,’ Scientists Say – Kaiser Health News
  15. Melissa McCarthy covered her feet in CBD oil before the Oscars for an unusual reason – INSIDER
  16. Melissa McCarthy Used CBD Oil On Her Toes At The Oscars To Prevent Pain From High Heels – Women’s Health
  17. Melissa McCarthy Used CBD Oil For High Heel Pain At 2019 Oscars – Women’s Health
  18. Global CBD Hemp Oil 2019 Market Share, Trends, Segmentation & Forecast To 2024 – Press Release – Digital Journal
  19. Best supplements for dry skin: The plant supplement which could help dry or itchy skin – Express
  20. How Often are Fibromyalgia Patients Misdiagnosed? – CBD Testers
  21. Can Hemp Boost Ohio’s Farm Economy? – Forbes
  22. Natural Ways For Pain Relief: Arthritis – The Frisky
  23. Cannabis could help pets with seizures or pain, research suggests. Here’s what to know before trying it. – INSIDER
  24. CBD Oil as a Medicine – The Healing Properties of Cannabidiol – Times Square Chronicles
  25. Does CBD for Anxiety Work? – Glamour
  26. Celeb Manicurist Mazz Hanna Talks The Power Of Crystals, Her Makeup Muse, And CBD Beauty – Forbes
  27. Here’s What Happened When I Used CBD Before & After Working Out For A Month – Bustle
  28. CBD Oil: Fad Or Fantastic? What You Need To Know. – Louisville Eccentric Observer
  29. How safe is CBD oil? | BlackPressUSA – Black Press USA
  30. South Austin CBD Oil Store Debuts Affordable Products At 2019 SXSW Wellness Expo – BioSpace
  31. Israeli Clinical Research Finds Cannabis Oil Alleviates Autism Disorders – Weedmaps News
  32. Advocate of medical marijuana hosting educational meeting Wednesday – East Idaho News
  33. CBD Versus Nicotine – Project CBD
  34. National CBD-infused treats: Are there health benefits for your pets? – ABC Action News
  35. National CBD-infused treats: Are there health benefits for your pets? – NewsChannel5.com
  36. Top CBD Oil Benefits – newsopi
  37. Legal cannabis oil sold in British health shops can get users high, study shows – Daily Mail
  38. The Right Remedy For You – The Collegian
  39. What Happens When You Mix CBD With Caffeine? Here’s What The Research Shows – Bustle
  40. I Used CBD Oil Every Day For 2 Months, and Here’s What I Learned – LIVEKINDLY
  41. What are the best hemp oil benefits? – Medical News Today
  42. Every Question You Have About CBD—Answered – Health.com
  43. Corey Johnson opposes Health Department’s CBD ban – New York Post
  44. Earth Science Tech, Inc. Signs Distributor for Hygee™ and Provides Update on CBD Product Launch – Nasdaq
  45. Check Out Candy Head CBD Edibles During American Heart Month – BioSpace
  46. Check Out Candy Head CBD Edibles During American Heart Month – PRNewswire
  47. New Israeli Study Shows Medical Cannabis Eases Autism Symptoms In Children | Health News – NoCamels – Israeli Innovation News
  48. What Is CBD Oil, and What Does It Do? (VIDEO) – Newsy
  49. MS News that Caught My Eye: Marijuana, MS Solutions Contest, Diagnosis Delays, Medicare Costs – Multiple Sclerosis News Today
  50. What you need to know about CBD oil and your pets – NBC News
  51. CBD: Rising star or popular fad? – Salon
  52. CBD Hemp Oil Market Research | Product Types, Market Share, Market Segmentation, Forecast 2025 – TOP Tribune
  53. Cannabinoids Could Help Manage EB-related Pain, Study Suggests – Epidermolysis Bullosa News
  54. Blockchain And CBD: What’s All The Fuss About? – Forbes
  55. 3 Awesome Therapeutic Applications of CBD Oil Proven by Scientific Evidence – The Frisky
  56. KannaSwiss: Europe’s leader in CBD research and production – Health Europa
  57. Northsight Capital to Start Distribution of 3 Exclusive CBD Oil Brands – GlobeNewswire
  58. CBD Oil Market is expected to register a CAGR of 30.0% during the forecast period to 2023 – Press Release – Digital Journal
  59. CBD Oil for Depression, Schizophrenia, ADHD, PTSD, Anxiety, Bipolar & More – PsychCentral.com
  60. Young parents are dropping CBD to be more ‘present’ and ‘patient’ with their kids – MarketWatch
  61. Cannabis Is A Safe, Effective Treatment For Autism In Children – Study Finds
  62. Are CBD products legal? – KLKN
  63. Opening of Your CBD Store in midtown Wilmington is second new cannabidiol retailer this year – Port City Daily
  64. Questions surround legality of CBD oil in Nebraska – 1011now
  65. CBD Oil Market 2024 Growth Forecast Analysis by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application – Fashion Herald
  66. Cannabis may help relieve Autism symptoms, Israeli study shows – The Times of Israel
  67. Super Bowl Champions Talk About The NFL’s Stance On Cannabis – Forbes
  68. 5 Former NFL Players Who Have Gotten Into The Cannabis Game – Forbes
  69. Global CBD Oil Market 2018 : Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Forecast to 2023 – Honest Version
  70. CBD: Rising star or popular fad? – The Conversation – US
  71. Cannabidiol: Rising star or popular fad? – The Conversation – US
  72. 01 – Cannabidiol: Rising star or popular fad? – University of Florida
  73. CBD Coffee Fans Will Want This CBD Espresso Recipe – Healthline
  74. CBD Oil Market : Industry Scope, Overview, Opportunities and Growth Trends 2018-2023 – Global News Tribune
  75. Pet owners treating sick dogs with CBD oil – The Jerusalem Post
  76. Lawmakers look at bills to decriminalize marijuana – WDTV
  77. CBD oil: Could cannabis oil save Steph and Dom Parker’s son with severe epilepsy? – Express
  78. CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks to menus – CNBC
  79. CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks – CNBC
  80. What to Know Before Giving Your Pet CBD – Weedmaps News
  81. Store brings CBD trend to Rock Hill with pain, anxiety treatments. How safe are they? – The State
  82. What the legal cannabis industry owes the victims of the drug war – Quartz
  83. Israeli Study on Cannabis Use, Safety With Autism Shows Promise – The Mighty
  84. CBD Oil Can Help you Sleep – Cannabis Herald
  85. CBD oil: What is cannabis oil, what are the benefits and can it help people with anxiety? – Express
  86. CBD Oil: The Facts, Risks and Alternatives – Men’s health UK
  87. CBD products for pets are flying off the shelves of Anchorage shops – KTUU.com
  88. What CBD, hemp products can mean for your health – WSAW
  89. Period Pain CBD Oil Is Now Available In The UK Via The Tampon Subscription Service OHNE – Bustle
  90. The Cannabis Conundrum – Richmond magazine
  91. CBD Oil For fibromyalgia: What you need to know? – The Frisky
  92. CBD oil: What is it and what are the benefits? There’s ONE thing you need to beware – Express
  93. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) Industry Research Report and Competitive Analysis Growth Trends 2018-2025 – openPR
  94. Josie Maran Launches Vegan CBD Elixir and Hemp Facial Oils at Sephora – LIVEKINDLY
  95. Top 6 Benefits of CBD Oil – The Frisky
  96. A daily dose (or 2): Curious minds turn to CBD to treat range of ailments – CBC News
  97. The beauty industry now wants to cure your anxiety with CBD and aromatherapy – Quartz
  98. CBD oil is being put in coffee and cookies — and won’t get you high – Vox.com
  99. Nebraska attorney general wants to inform public on marijuana risk as state senators push legalization – kwbe
  100. CBD Oil for Parkinson’s Disease – Civilized
  101. CBD oil: how to treat bad skin and improve your skincare routine with cannabidiol – Netdoctor
  102. Does CBD Oil Have Side Effects? Studies Say Yes, It Does – Cannabis Herald
  103. Booming CBD market has scientists, regulators scrambling – UPI News
  104. B.C. Cancer to lead first national cannabis clinical trial for symptom relief – Vancouver Sun
  105. Washington State Lawmakers Push Marijuana Treatment in K-12 Schools Despite Federal Funding Threat – Newsweek
  106. The Sad News About CBD Cupcakes – The Atlantic
  107. Prosecutor drops charges against mother and son who opened CBD store in Scottsbluff – Sand Hills Express
  108. I tried a dozen stress-relief snacks, tinctures and teas. So why am I still anxious? – The Washington Post
  109. CBD oil for sleep: can it be used to treat insomnia and other sleep problems? – Netdoctor
  110. Global CBD Hemp Oil Market 2019 Research Report | ENDOCA, CBD American Shaman, Gaia Botanicals, Isodiol, Medical Marijuana, – Daily Seekers
  111. Is it Safe for People with Diabetes to Smoke Marijuana? – A Sweet Life
  112. 5 Potential Benefits of CBD Oil – The Good Men Project
  113. Clearing up cannabis confusion – WatertownDailyTimes.com
  114. The Race to Relearn Hemp Farming – Scientific American
  115. Legal CBD Oil Blocked for 92 Year Old Miami Woman By Florida Bureaucracy – Miami New Times
  116. Microdosing Marijuana at 9 Years Sober – TheFix.com
  117. NC Biotech Center receives state grants for hemp, carrot studies – WRAL Tech Wire
  118. CBD Hemp Oil Market 2019-2024: Dealers, Suppliers, Brand Strategy Demand, Pricing Strategy and Analysis – PN Media
  119. Mushrooming CBD industry has hemp explosion behind it – The Spokesman-Review
  120. What Are The Ingredients Inside CBD Oil and How Can They Benefit Your Health? – AXcess News
  121. Everything You Need to Know About CBD Oil – BeautyMatter
  122. Myrtle Beach to block new smoke and vape shops from opening this year in city limits – Myrtle Beach Online
  123. Health benefits of CBD earn high praise from a veteran, businessman, and doctor. But what does the research show? – WAFB
  124. Health benefits of CBD earn high praise from a veteran, businessman, and doctor. But what does the research show? – WECT
  125. This Man Wants To Smash Diabetes With Cannabis Therapy – Green Market Report
  126. CBD Oil for Mental Health—Should You Take It Too? – Psychology Today
  127. Cannabidiol Oil Looks to Expand its Size in Overseas Market | CV Sciences, IRIE CBD, Elixinol – Press Release – Digital Journal
  128. CBD Has Proven Medicinal Value, But Can It Treat Anxiety? – Wikileaf
  129. Everything you need to know about legal cannabis as over-the-counter sales soar – Mirror Online
  130. Here’s What Happens If You Take Too Much CBD – Bustle
  131. Project CBD Sunday: Video With Robert Clarke – Cannabis Botany And Evolution | Cannabis and Hemp Events and News – Heady Vermont
  132. Terpenes: Everything You Need to Know About These Scented Wonders – Ministry of Hemp
  133. CBD is all the rage. Here’s what you should know about it – Washington Post
  134. — Prohibition Partners | business advisors to Europe’s legal cannabis industry – Prohibition Partners
  135. Predictions! We’ve got your 2019 food trends AND trends we want to see die – 88Nine Radio Milwaukee
  136. Your Good Health: CBD oil risky for anyone on heart medication – Times Colonist
  137. How to Buy the Best Safe and Effective CBD Products – Shape Magazine
  138. The 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp and what it means for Ohio – Ohio Ag Net – Ohio’s Country Journal and Ohio Ag Net
  139. Lawmakers re-file legislation ahead of 2019 session – WBTW – Myrtle Beach and Florence SC
  140. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – WSIU
  141. What The Studies Say About CBD Oil & Pregnancy Might Actually Surprise You – Romper
  142. Hemp firm partners with UA researchers to develop cannabis – Arkansas Online
  143. First standalone CBD oil store opens on Main Street, Wilkesboro – Wilkes Journal Patriot
  144. Hemp firm partners with UA researchers to develop cannabis – Arkansas Democrat-Gazette
  145. Holcomb remains against legalizing marijuana – The Herald
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  147. Worldwide CBD Oil Market 2022 Development and Growth Forecast by Regions, Consumption, Recent Trends, and Applications – The NY Recorder
  148. A New Treatment: CBD Oil For Autism? – Puff Puff Post
  149. The Most Important Cannabis Studies of 2018 – Leafly
  150. Global Cannabidiol Oil (CBD Oil) 2018 Market Statics – ENDOCA, CBD American Shaman, Gaia Botanicals, Isodiol, Medical Marijuana – Next Newz
  151. Is CBD Helpful, or Just Hype? – The New York Times
  152. Precautions Needed for Medical Cannabis – Pain News Network
  153. More States Allow Medical Marijuana For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders : Shots – Health News – NPR
  154. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – HPPR
  155. CBD Industry Poised To Go From Grassroots To Big League In 2019 With Legalized Hemp – KCUR
  156. CBD Hemp Oil Market Forecast – Industry Value, Market Size, Top Companies and General Trends for 2018-2025 – Prism Daily
  157. CBD Oil Can Benefit Man’s Best Friend, Too – L.A. Weekly
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  159. Tests of CBD Oils Reveal Three Surprise Chemicals, One Big Problem – Leafly
  160. CBD drinks: Tilray, Anheuser-Busch InBev partner to research cannabis-infused drinks for the Canadian market – CBS News
  161. Smoke This: Inhale Marijuana Science | Medpage Today – MedPage Today
  162. Lacking guidance from doctors, parents lead the charge in treating children with CBD – Peninsula Press
  163. Trump signs Farm Bill to legalize hemp, could cause boom for marijuana-linked CBD – Business Insider
  164. 3 reasons to try CBD oil ice cream (yes, it’s a thing!) – WLOS
  165. Peabody High Class of ’14 supports Student Health Center
  166. CBD oil and anxiety treatment – Netdoctor
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  169. Sellers praise benefits of CBD; doctor questions effectiveness, safety – Hays Post
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  171. Understanding the confusing world of CBD and THC ratios – Mashable
  172. Hemp is now legal, thanks to Congress. That’s big news for CBD. – Vox.com
  173. Cornell University Research Could Help Hemp Entrepreneurs (And Make Dogs Feel Better) – Forbes
  174. Bakery fined more than £150k for health and safety offences
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  176. How To Research CBD Oil: Discovering CBD After An Injury – Ministry of Hemp
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  185. Mediterranean Diet Plus Regular Exercise Maintains Weight Loss
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  187. Yes, the Mediterranean diet is good for you. A new study confirms it.
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  197. Whoa: A Kentucky racehorse tested positive for CBD and regulators aren’t happy – Lexington Herald-Leader
  198. CBD Vape Oil For Pain, Anxiety, & More: Why Do People Vape CBD? – Ministry of Hemp
  199. How many have to be hospitalized for salmonella, E. coli before we try food irradiation?
  200. Benefits of CBD for Epilepsy Fades in One-Third of Patients – MedPage Today
  201. Instagram food blogger reveals the TEN rules to follow to make your social media snaps look as appetising as possible – including how to tackle pesky shadows
  202. CBD Companies Prepare For Hemp Legalization In Farm Bill – Forbes
  203. FDA making moves to approve the first ever pharmaceutical-grade CBD oil for prescription use – Press Release – Digital Journal
  204. Tolerance to Cannabidiol for Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy Seen Over Time – Neurology Advisor
  205. CBD in the ADK | News, Sports, Jobs – The Adirondack Daily Enterprise
  206. Cannabidiol induces a rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effect in rodent model of depression – PsyPost
  207. Project CBD Launches Research Platform to Study CBD Efficacy – Project CBD
  208. Pot for pets: Can cannabis oil ease suffering for furry friends? – Tribune-Review
  209. How Select CBD Pairs Cannabinoids and Aromatherapy in Vape Pens – Leafly
  210. Why people love CBD — the cannabis product that won’t get you high – CNBC
  211. CBD Oil: All the Rage, But Is It Safe & Effective? – WebMD
  212. Claws and Effect: Cannabis Medicine for Pets – Project CBD
  213. Cannabinoids and Oxidation [BOOK EXCERPT] – Project CBD
CBD Oil: Fad Or Fantastic? What You Need To Know. – Louisville Eccentric Observer

In the well-lit back room of the Bean coffee shop in Germantown, owner Billy Seckman sifted through a container of chocolate-colored beans while more swirled behind him in an industrial-sized roaster.

After Seckman’s beans are ground and brewed, he might add one last ingredient to your espresso if you ask, one that he thinks is important: a $2 drop of CBD oil.

“Initially, I didn’t want to do CBD coffee, because of the way it would affect the taste, because I’m a roaster. I roast the coffee,” said Seckman, adding, however, that he believes CBD evens out his mood and reduces inflammation in his fingers. “I just believe in CBD, period. So, I was just trying to get it out to the public.”

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound from the cannabis plant that seems to be everywhere and in everything these days.

At Rainbow Blossom Natural Food Markets in Louisville, you can find it in ice cream and sparkling water. For Valentine’s Day, Laura’s Mercantile in Winchester, Kentucky, sold CBD candy packages for “your sweetheart.” And on Feb. 21, The Root in New Albany plans to host an evening of CBD bingo with bottles of oil as prizes. On its own, it’s found in gas stations, pharmacies and natural food stores. Prices depend on the ingredients, amount and product; roughly $45 for 250 milligrams for oil, $25 for 100 milligrams of gummies and $25 for salve.

CBD and its hemp-derived sister products amount to a multi-million dollar industry in Kentucky. CBD alone is projected to hit $22 billion nationally in 2020. Some users describe it as a miracle cure. They swear it will heal your pain, ease your mind and even calm ravaging diseases, such as Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis, with no side effects. Others say it has not helped them at all.

Regardless, CBD hasn’t been proven in clinical trials to treat anything besides some types of childhood epilepsy. Early studies support claims of other medical benefits, but they are not conclusive — yet.

This, combined with CBD’s rapid boom, has left the U.S. Food and Drug Administration scrambling to figure out how to regulate it. Manufacturers and retailers are not allowed to market CBD with specific health claims and, under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, they’re not allowed to add it to food that’s transported across state lines, although many do. In December, the FDA announced plans for public meetings to make its rules “more predictable and efficient.”

For now, however, when it comes to making sure that the CBD you’re buying is legitimate and safe, the work is mostly up to you.

Throughout history, people have relentlessly sought the food or the drug that would change their lives. Sometimes, that’s worked out, as in the case of penicillin — a true miracle drug.

“Everything else has had some defect,” said Paul Freedman, a professor of history at Yale University who’s studied food. “You know, it’s had some problem. Either it makes you drunk, or it’s addictive, or it gives you cancer.”

Like cocaine. The drug was once regarded as a panacea for toothaches and painful operations… before patients started overdosing during surgery.

So, which one is CBD?

While the compound was described as safe by a 2018 World Health Organization Report, with no potential for abuse, that’s not a certainty. The same WHO report warned that not all potentially harmful effects of CBD have been studied yet.

“I don’t think in recent times, we’ve seen anything quite like this,” Freedman said about the compound.

THE SCIENCE

Acolytes of CBD will tell you that there are reams of studies pitting it against a range of illnesses and showing positive effects.

The WHO report analyzed this research and determined that CBD presented properties that were anti-inflammatory, anti-asthmatic, anti-tumor, pain relieving, antipsychotic (for the management of such disorders as schizophrenia) and neuroprotective (to maintain the central nervous system). It also helped animals suffering from a lack of oxygen to the brain, and preliminary data shows that it could treat drug addiction.

But there’s a difference between promising and proven.

The amount of preliminary research regarding CBD is “significant,” said Pritesh Kumar, a Louisville-based pharmacologist who graduated from UofL with a doctorate earned by studying cannabis-derived compounds. But the studies are overwhelmingly in their infancy, he said. Most are animal experiments or those performed only on cells, which usually are not predicative of what works in humans, he said.

“That is the major concern of physicians here in the U.S. and abroad,” Kumar said.

To scientists, “proven” means supportive data and successful clinical trials, which are human studies approved by the FDA.

Epidiolex, the CBD drug that the FDA has approved to treat Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes, successfully completed rigorous Phase III clinical trials to receive its designation. In Canada, another drug, half made up of CBD and half consisting of THC (the compound in cannabis that produces a high), has been approved to treat patients with pain caused by multiple sclerosis.

CBD has failed to produce results in other studies. According to WHO, it did not reduce chronic kidney pain in transplant patients or symptoms of ulcerative colitis, and it had no effect on experimentally-induced anxiety.

The compound does have a good safety profile, said Kumar, but it could interact badly with other medications (which is why he suggests you consult a doctor before taking it).

CBD has known effects within the body, including on the endocannabinoid system, a function often cited by CBD advocates.

According to Kumar, CBD can increase or decrease the production of endocannabinoids in the body, including anandamide, “the bliss molecule” and 2-arachidonoylgylcerol, or 2-AG. Anandamide has some effects on illnesses, such as epilepsy and psychotic symptoms, while 2-AG is not as well studied. CBD also binds to serotonin and adenosine receptors, which have been connected to numerous bodily functions, from the regulation of mood to inflammation.

But without clinical studies, the potential health benefits of these interactions aren’t proven.

As long as this is the case, and as long as CBD isn’t FDA-approved to treat anything besides epilepsy, there will be limited regulations for those who extract it and sell it.

And, then, there is the pot question.

On its own, CBD is the same when it’s derived from marijuana as when it’s taken from hemp, said Kumar. There are arguments for “full-spectrum” CBD, products that include other compounds found within the cannabis plant. Some data suggests that these extras work with CBD to create a therapeutic effect, but no clinical data confirms it.

In 2017, the National Institutes of Health announced $140 million for the study of cannabis compounds, $15 million of which went to CBD. In general, though, clinical research on CBD is scant because of its legal ambiguity, according to Kumar. In the most recent farm bill, a provision pushed by U.S. Sen. Mitch McConnell legalized hemp, but CBD itself is still listed as a Schedule 1 controlled substance by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, discouraging universities, which are often federally funded, from studying it.

CBD oil at The Bean. Photo by Danielle Grady.

BAD (AND GOOD) BUSINESS

Before CBD, John Taylor was suffering from seizures every two to three weeks. They seemingly came out of nowhere. He had no family history of seizures and yet, he had one. And then another.

Taylor went the traditional route at first: prescription medication. At the height of his illness, Taylor said, he was taking a “debilitating” cocktail of 28 pills a day, some of which had serious side effects such as osteoporosis and liver damage. They didn’t stop the seizures.

“My daughter was going to bury me,” said Taylor. “I had three near-fatal events, my life was spiraling out of control. I didn’t want to live like that.”

So, he decided to try CBD. Taylor started by making it himself in his kitchen.

The seizures stopped immediately, he said.

In 2014, with the creation of Kentucky’s industrial hemp pilot program, Taylor turned his home laboratory into Commonwealth Extracts. His company was one of the first to be registered in Kentucky, meaning that Taylor has had time to figure out what he considers to be the industry’s best practices. His warehouse, located in Pleasure Ridge Park, contains an industrial-size extractor, which uses carbon dioxide to separate CBD from the hemp plant, a method that Taylor selected for its financial benefits, but also for safety.

Manufacturers can use other substances to extract CBD, such as ethanol and butane, but carbon dioxide is generally regarded as safe, said Kumar. The other chemicals can be, too — if used correctly.

“If the evaporation is not complete [during extraction], then that product can be toxic when consumed,” Kumar said.

Across the room at Commonwealth Extracts, the company chemist oversees the testing of the company’s CBD. Later, the CBD is sent to an independent lab to be tested again. Not that Taylor expects to find anything untoward in its results — he said the four farms he contracts with for hemp have been thoroughly vetted. Some companies, he said, don’t bother with any of that, especially as more people jump into the industry to take advantage of CBD’s popularity.

“There’s great companies, and there’s poor companies, poorly managed companies, and then there’s the vast majority of people in the middle,” he said. “So, if you’re getting it from a great manufacturer who puts great care in producing valid products, verifiable by independent results, you know, that’s a great supplier — you’re doing good things. If you’re dealing with somebody who doesn’t have the budget, doesn’t have the knowledge or doesn’t care, that’s going to be at the other end of the spectrum.”

But each approach is legal, or at least easy to get away with.

Because CBD isn’t FDA approved for most uses, its regulated by the agency as if it were a food product or a dietary supplement. This means the regulations for CBD are minimal, and the ones that do exist, must be self-imposed by the producers. Key among them is that the contents must be the same as what is claimed on the label.

WHAT’S IN YOUR CBD?

Kumar is worried for CBD consumers who do not investigate what they’re buying.

“Most people in the medical community — scientists, physicians — are concerned about the purity of these compounds that patients are potentially taking,” he said.

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A 2017 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that 25 percent of 84 CBD products found online contained less CBD than what was advertised.

From 2015 to 2017, the FDA found that “many” companies had advertised CBD levels that were incorrect.

Taylor warned that some products might not contain CBD at all.

Harmful substances might sneak into CBD as well. Along with left-over butane or ethanol, products could contain heavy metals or bacteria such as E. coli, according to Kumar. Illegal levels of THC also are a concern.

The FDA does test products on its own, although certainly not every bottle of CBD. If an inconsistency is found, it’ll send a warning letter that gives a certain amount of time for the offender to devise a plan to remedy the problem.

“They don’t come in with the police; they don’t force you to do a recall,” Taylor said. “It’s — they don’t have the manpower.”

The only other regulations facing Kentucky CBD manufacturers come from the state Department Of Agriculture. It tests every crop of hemp to ensure it contains less than 0.3 percent of THC.

HOW TO BUY CBD

If you can’t rely on the FDA to regulate your CBD — or a random company — then there’s only one person left.

You.

Kumar’s advice is that every CBD user read the product label carefully, looking for questionable ingredients. If that information is not on the label, he said, ask for a Certificate Of Analysis, or COA, which contains test results from an independent laboratory.

But, even then, your work isn’t over.

Some laboratories aren’t trustworthy. Kumar believes in only buying from companies whose chosen lab meets ISO 17025 requirements, meaning that it abides by high scientific standards.

It’s also important to examine the COA closely to make sure the information is accurate.

Dee Dee Taylor, John Taylor’s wife and owner of the CBD store, 502 Hemp, has been given suspiciously familiar COAs from potential suppliers before.

“They’ve sent us our own results,” said John Taylor.

Rainbow Blossom has standards for its CBD products, said Andrea McGrath, the wellness category manager for the local chain. It looks for companies that use independent testing and carbon dioxide extraction (although they do carry at least one that uses butane). One requirement that isn’t scientific, but just as important to Rainbow Blossom, is a company with a mission: to heal people with its product.

“The vetting process has grown,” said McGrath. “Myself, and us as a company, we’ve learned alongside everyone.”

Once the CBD has been purchased, it’s time to take it. But how?

Coffee at the Bean in Germantown with a splash of CBD.

TAKING CBD 

At Seeds and Greens, a market in New Albany, the CBD is held in a display case attached to the checkout desk, clearly seen from the shop’s entrance. It is not unusual to see customers head right to the CBD, ignoring the store’s shelves of essential oils and dietary supplements on their way.  On one December evening at the shop, within 90 minutes, four people had visited the CBD, pointing to products and asking the cashier questions.

Stacey Freibert, the owner of Seeds and Greens, said she tries to make everything convenient for her customers, but one thing she cannot control is the inconsistency between the labels and in the doses of the CBD she carries.

“All these companies label it differently, and it makes it very confusing,” she said.

Just as with finding CBD with the right contents, the lack of FDA oversight makes taking the product tricky. There are no rules for how much CBD should be in each dose or how much customers should take.

Most physicians would recommend a gradual dosing schedule, called a self-titration model, according to Kumar. This means taking small amounts of CBD at first and slowly increasing the amount based on results.

There have been only a few studies on the effectiveness of different CBD doses. One, published in 2017 in Frontiers in Pharmacology, measured how much CBD was needed to ease the anxiety of someone giving a speech in public. Neither 100 milligrams of CBD, 900 milligrams nor the placebo had any effect on the speaker’s blood pressure or heart rate. The 300 milligram dose, however, did have a calming effect after the speech. (Klonopin, an anxiety drug, worked as well, both during the speech and after).

The study showed promise in treating anxiety, but 300 milligrams of CBD is a massive amount. Many bottles of CBD, meant to last a month or longer, contain that much.

Most studies examining CBD dosage used large amounts of the compound. One thought smaller: the clinical trial for Epidiolex.

Yet, the studies examining higher doses of CBD can’t be used to determine truths about the compound. That’s because they’re also preliminary, said Kumar.

“For example,” he said. “For pain, right? There isn’t enough data to say what milligrams or how many milligrams would be effective for pain.”

There is at least one thing about CBD that scientists can speak to (finally): The best form to take it in — from edibles to topical.

Based on known research, ingesting CBD oil and applying a cream are probably the best forms of dosing, according to Kumar. The oil starts working in the body quickly. Transdermal options, such as salves, steadily release the compound over time. Vaping, meanwhile, is quick to work, but your body will metabolize a significant amount of it, meaning only some of the CBD you take will have an effect. Edibles take a while to work.

IS IT A PLACEBO? DOES IT MATTER?

James Murphy is a man of science — a pain doctor based in New Albany. And, knowing everything he does about CBD, he feels perfectly comfortable suggesting it to his patients.

“It’s almost become to me a question of not whether I should recommend it, but whether I should not recommend it,” he said.

Murphy agrees that most of the studies surrounding CBD are not “high-quality” scientific evidence, but combined with what he knows about CBD’s effect on the endocannabinoid system —  and the result he’s seen in his patients — Murphy believes that the compound helps.

Out of the 337 or so of his patients who have taken CBD, about two-thirds have seen some sort of benefit.

On a national level, 90 percent of Americans surveyed by Consumer Reports who tried CBD said that it helped reduce symptoms of a medical issue. The magazine interviewed a nationally representative number of 1,003 people, 13 percent of whom had tried CBD.

For Louisville resident Kenny Smith, it eased the pain in his shoulder to the point where he was able to sleep through the night again. It helped Ashlee Heath, a 30-year-old healthcare worker from Louisville, slumber, too, after years of suffering from insomnia. And Dino Pejkusic, 37, went from bedroom-confining depression and anxiety to working and hosting parties once again.

“I find it has been quite miraculous for me,” said Pejkusic.

If not a true result of CBD, their reaction could be caused by the placebo effect, an underrated but powerful phenomenon.

In a 2010 review of 202 drug trials, a placebo was able to ease patients’ pain, phobias, nausea and asthma, although there were inconsistent results for its effect on anxiety, depression, insomnia, dementia, obesity and hypertension.

And if CBD is a glorified placebo? In Kumar’s scientific opinion: Who cares?

“As a researcher and a scientist, you know, to me, even if there is a placebo effect — doesn’t really matter,” he said. “Because, it’s working, right?”

It’s the anecdotal evidence —  of the Smiths, Heaths and Pejkusics of the world — that is driving more CBD research, too.

Freibert of Seeds and Greens encourages customers to adopt Kumar’s attitude.

“If you take something, and it works, why not just embrace it and be thankful that it works for you?” •